serbian cyrillic type languages serbo-croatian (except ) croatian
macedonian montenegrin direction left-to-right iso 15924
cyrillic subset of cyrillic (u+0400...u+04f0)
serbian cyrillic alphabet ( : serbian српска ћирилица/ srpska ćirilica, pronounced ) is an adaptation of the [sr̩̂pskaː t͡ɕirǐlit͡sa] for cyrillic script , developed in 1818 by serbian linguist serbo-croatian . it is one of the two alphabets used to write standard modern vuk karadžić , serbian and bosnian , the other being montenegrin .
karadžić based his alphabet on the previous "
" script, following the principle of " slavonic-serbian write as you speak and read as it is written", removing obsolete letters and letters representing , introducing ⟨j⟩ from the latin alphabet instead, and adding several consonant letters for sounds specific to serbian phonology. during the same period, croatian linguists led by iotified vowels adapted the latin alphabet, in use in western south slavic areas, using the same principles. as a result of this joint effort, cyrillic and latin alphabets for serbo-croatian have a complete one-to-one congruence, with the latin ljudevit gaj lj, nj, and dž counting as single letters.
vuk's cyrillic alphabet was officially adopted in serbia in 1868, and was in exclusive use in the country up to the inter-war period. both alphabets were co-official in the
and later in the kingdom of yugoslavia . due to the shared cultural area, gaj's latin alphabet saw a gradual adoption in serbia since, and both scripts are used to write modern standard serbian, montenegrin and bosnian; croatian only uses the latin alphabet. in serbia, cyrillic is seen as being more traditional, and has the official status (designated in the constitution as the " socialist federal republic of yugoslavia ", compared to latin's status of "script in official use" designated by a lower-level act, for national minorities). it is also an official script in bosnia-herzegovina and montenegro, along with latin.
the serbian cyrillic alphabet was used as a basis for the
with the work of macedonian alphabet and krste misirkov .