Thirteen Colonies

  • thirteen colonies

    1607–1776
    flag of thirteen colonies
    flag of british america (1707–1775)
    the thirteen colonies (shown in red) in 1775
    the thirteen colonies (shown in red) in 1775
    statuspart of british america (1607–1776)
    capitaladministered from london, england
    common languages
    • english
    • german
    • dutch
    • indigenous languages
    • various other minor languages
    religion
    protestantism
    roman catholicism
    judaism
    american indian religions
    governmentcolonial constitutional monarchy
    monarch 
    • 1607–1625
    james i & vi (first)
    • 1760–1776
    george iii (last)
    history 
    • roanoke colony
    1585
    • virginia colony
    1607
    • new england
    1620
    • rhode island royal charter
    1663
    • new netherland ceded to england
    1667
    • treaty of utrecht
    1713
    • province of georgia
    1732
    • french and indian war
    1754-1763
    • independence declared
    1776
    • treaty of paris
    1783
    population
    • 1625[1]
    1,980
    • 1775[1]
    2,400,000
    currency
    • pound sterling
    • colonial money
    • bills of credit
    • commodity money
    preceded by
    succeeded by
    pre-colonial north america
    new netherland
    united states
    today part of united states

    the thirteen colonies, also known as the thirteen british colonies[2] or the thirteen american colonies,[3] were a group of colonies of great britain on the atlantic coast of america founded in the 17th and 18th centuries which declared independence in 1776 and formed the united states of america. the thirteen colonies had very similar political, constitutional, and legal systems, and were dominated by protestant english-speakers. the northern colonies were founded primarily for religious reasons, while the southern colonies were founded for financial profit and business expansion. all thirteen were part of britain's possessions in the new world, which also included colonies in canada, florida, and the caribbean.

    the colonial population grew from about 2,000 to 2.4 million between 1625 and 1775, sometimes displacing american indians. this population included people subject to a system of slavery which was legal in all of the colonies prior to the american revolutionary war.[4] in the 18th century, the british government operated its colonies under a policy of mercantilism, in which the central government administered its possessions for the economic benefit of the mother country.

    the thirteen colonies had a high degree of self-governance and active local elections, and they resisted london's demands for more control. the french and indian war (1754–63) against france and its indian allies led to growing tensions between britain and the thirteen colonies. during the 1750s, the colonies began collaborating with one another instead of dealing directly with britain. these inter-colonial activities cultivated a sense of shared american identity and led to calls for protection of the colonists' "rights as englishmen", especially the principle of "no taxation without representation". grievances with the british government led to the american revolution, in which the colonies worked together to form the continental congress. the colonists fought the american revolutionary war (1775–83) with the aid of the kingdom of france and, to a much smaller degree, the dutch republic and the kingdom of spain.[5]

  • british colonies
  • 17th century
  • 18th century
  • american revolution
  • thirteen british colonies population
  • religion
  • government
  • other british colonies
  • historiography
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Thirteen Colonies

1607–1776
Flag of Thirteen Colonies
The Thirteen Colonies (shown in red) in 1775
The Thirteen Colonies (shown in red) in 1775
StatusPart of British America (1607–1776)
CapitalAdministered from London, England
Common languages
  • English
  • German
  • Dutch
  • Indigenous languages
  • Various other minor languages
Religion
Protestantism
Roman Catholicism
Judaism
American Indian religions
GovernmentColonial constitutional monarchy
Monarch 
• 1607–1625
James I & VI (first)
• 1760–1776
George III (last)
History 
1585
1607
1620
1663
• New Netherland ceded to England
1667
1713
1732
1754-1763
1776
1783
Population
• 1625[1]
1,980
• 1775[1]
2,400,000
Currency
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Pre-colonial North America
New Netherland
United States
Today part of United States

The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colonies[2] or the Thirteen American Colonies,[3] were a group of colonies of Great Britain on the Atlantic coast of America founded in the 17th and 18th centuries which declared independence in 1776 and formed the United States of America. The Thirteen Colonies had very similar political, constitutional, and legal systems, and were dominated by Protestant English-speakers. The northern colonies were founded primarily for religious reasons, while the southern colonies were founded for financial profit and business expansion. All thirteen were part of Britain's possessions in the New World, which also included colonies in Canada, Florida, and the Caribbean.

The colonial population grew from about 2,000 to 2.4 million between 1625 and 1775, sometimes displacing American Indians. This population included people subject to a system of slavery which was legal in all of the colonies prior to the American Revolutionary War.[4] In the 18th century, the British government operated its colonies under a policy of mercantilism, in which the central government administered its possessions for the economic benefit of the mother country.

The Thirteen Colonies had a high degree of self-governance and active local elections, and they resisted London's demands for more control. The French and Indian War (1754–63) against France and its Indian allies led to growing tensions between Britain and the Thirteen Colonies. During the 1750s, the colonies began collaborating with one another instead of dealing directly with Britain. These inter-colonial activities cultivated a sense of shared American identity and led to calls for protection of the colonists' "Rights as Englishmen", especially the principle of "no taxation without representation". Grievances with the British government led to the American Revolution, in which the colonies worked together to form the Continental Congress. The colonists fought the American Revolutionary War (1775–83) with the aid of the Kingdom of France and, to a much smaller degree, the Dutch Republic and the Kingdom of Spain.[5]