|common name in mainland china|
|literal meaning||common speech|
|common name in taiwan|
|literal meaning||standard mandarin|
|common name in singapore and southeast asia|
|literal meaning||chinese language|
standard chinese, also known as modern standard mandarin, standard mandarin, modern standard mandarin chinese (msmc), or simply mandarin, is a standard variety of chinese that is one of the official languages of china. its pronunciation is based on the beijing dialect, its vocabulary on the mandarin dialects, and its grammar is based on written vernacular chinese. the similar taiwanese mandarin is a national language of taiwan. standard singaporean mandarin is one of the four official languages of singapore.
like other varieties of chinese, standard chinese is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. it has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties. standard chinese is an analytic language, though with many compound words.
standard chinese is a standardised form of the language called putonghua in mainland china. guoyu (standard taiwanese mandarin) is a similar linguistic standard in taiwan. aside from a number of differences in pronunciation and vocabulary, putonghua is written using simplified chinese characters (plus hanyu pinyin romanization for teaching), and guoyu is written using traditional chinese characters (plus zhuyin for teaching). many characters are identical between the two systems.