sons of liberty
|motto||no taxation without representation|
|type||patriot paramilitary political organizations|
- new england colonies
- province of massachusetts bay
- colony of rhode island and providence plantations
- province of new hampshire
- province of new jersey
- province of new york
- province of maryland
- province of virginia
a 1765 broadside
, regarding the "sons of liberty" organizations and their principles
the sons of liberty was a secret revolutionary organization that was founded by samuel adams in the thirteen american colonies to advance the rights of the european colonists and to fight taxation by the british government. it played a major role in most colonies in battling the stamp act in 1765. the group officially disbanded after the stamp act was repealed. however, the name was applied to other local separatist groups during the years preceding the american revolution.
in the popular thought, the sons of liberty was a formal underground organization with recognized members and leaders. more likely, the name was an underground term for any men resisting new crown taxes and laws. the well-known label allowed organizers to make or create anonymous summons to a liberty tree, "liberty pole", or other public meeting-place. furthermore, a unifying name helped to promote inter-colonial efforts against parliament and the crown's actions. their motto became "no taxation without representation."