montage of shymkent
|coordinates: 42°19′0″n 69°35′45″e / 42°19′0″n 69°35′45″e / 42.31667; 69.59583|
| • akim||erlan aytakhanov|
| • total||1,162.8 km2 (449.0 sq mi)|
|elevation||506 m (1,660 ft)|
| • total||1,002,291|
| • density||860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|time zone||utc+6 (btt)|
|area code(s)||(+7) 7252|
shymkent (kazakh: shymkent, Шымкент, شىمكەنت; yañalif: Şьmkent; kazakh pronunciation: [ʃɯmˈkɛnt]), known until 1993 as chimkent (uzbek: chimkent, Чимкент, چىمكېنت; yañalif: Çimkent (uzbek pronunciation: [tʃɨmˈkɛnt])); russian: Чимкент, romanized: Čimkent (russian pronunciation: [ˈtɕɨmˈkʲɛnt])), is a city in kazakhstan. it is near the border with uzbekistan. it is one of three kazakh cities which have the status equal to that of a region (the city of republican significance). it is the third most populous city in kazakhstan, only behind almaty and nur-sultan, with an estimated population of 1,002,291 as of june 1, 2018. because shymkent has never been capital of kazakhstan, it is therefore the most populous of kazakhstan's cities in terms of cities that have never been capital. according to regional and city officials, the millionth resident of shymkent was born on 17 may 2018. it is a regional cultural centre.
shymkent is situated 690 kilometres (430 mi) west of almaty and 1,483 kilometres (920 mi) south of nur-sultan. it is also 120 kilometres (75 mi) to the north of toshkent, uzbekistan.