# Schulze method

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the schulze method (ə/) is an electoral system developed in 1997 by markus schulze that selects a single winner using votes that express preferences. the method can also be used to create a sorted list of winners. the schulze method is also known as schwartz sequential dropping (ssd), cloneproof schwartz sequential dropping (cssd), the beatpath method, beatpath winner, path voting, and path winner.

the schulze method is a condorcet method, which means that if there is a candidate who is preferred by a majority over every other candidate in pairwise comparisons, then this candidate will be the winner when the schulze method is applied.

the output of the schulze method (defined below) gives an ordering of candidates. therefore, if several positions are available, the method can be used for this purpose without modification, by letting the k top-ranked candidates win the k available seats. furthermore, for proportional representation elections, a single transferable vote variant has been proposed.

the schulze method is used by several organizations including debian, ubuntu, gentoo, pirate party political parties and many others.

• description of the method
• example
• implementation
• ties and alternative implementations
• satisfied and failed criteria
• history
• users
• notes