Schengen Area

  • schengen area
    the schengen area
    map of europe
      member states
      countries de facto participating
      members of the eu legally obliged to join the schengen area, but not yet members
    policy of european union
    typeopen borders area
    established1995
    members
    area4,312,099 km2 (1,664,911 sq mi)
    population419,392,429
    density97/km2
    gdp (nominal)us$15 trillion[1]
    european union
    flag of europe.svg
    this article is part of a series on the
    politics and government of
    the european union
    flag of europe.svg european union portal
    • other countries

    the schengen area ( ən/) is an area comprising 26 european states that have officially abolished all passport and all other types of border control at their mutual borders. the area mostly functions as a single jurisdiction for international travel purposes, with a common visa policy. the area is named after the 1985 schengen agreement signed in schengen, luxembourg.

    of the 27 eu member states, 22 participate in the schengen area. of the five eu members that are not part of the schengen area, four—bulgaria, croatia, cyprus, and romania—are legally obliged to join the area in the future, while the other one—ireland—maintains an opt-out. the four european free trade association (efta) member states, iceland, liechtenstein, norway, and switzerland, are not members of the eu, but have signed agreements in association with the schengen agreement. three european microstates that are not members of the european union but which are enclaves or semi-enclave within an eu member state—monaco, san marino, and vatican city—are de facto part of the schengen area.

    the schengen area has a population of over 420 million people and an area of 4,312,099 square kilometres (1,664,911 sq mi).[2] about 1.7 million people commute to work across a european border each day, and in some regions these people constitute up to a third of the workforce. each year, there are 1.3 billion crossings of schengen borders in total. 57 million crossings are due to transport of goods by road, with a value of €2.8 trillion each year.[3][4][5] the decrease in the cost of trade due to schengen varies from 0.42% to 1.59% depending on geography, trade partners, and other factors. countries outside of the schengen area also benefit.[6] states in the schengen area have strengthened border controls with non-schengen countries.[7]

  • history
  • membership
  • economics
  • regulation of internal borders
  • regulation of external borders
  • police and judicial co-operation
  • legal basis
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Schengen Area
The Schengen Area
Map of Europe
  Member states
  Countries de facto participating
  Members of the EU legally obliged to join the Schengen area, but not yet members
Policy of European Union
TypeOpen borders area
Established1995
Members
Area4,312,099 km2 (1,664,911 sq mi)
Population419,392,429
Density97/km2
GDP (Nominal)US$15 trillion[1]
Flag of Europe.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the European Union
Flag of Europe.svg European Union portal

The Schengen Area ( ən/) is an area comprising 26 European states that have officially abolished all passport and all other types of border control at their mutual borders. The area mostly functions as a single jurisdiction for international travel purposes, with a common visa policy. The area is named after the 1985 Schengen Agreement signed in Schengen, Luxembourg.

Of the 27 EU member states, 22 participate in the Schengen Area. Of the five EU members that are not part of the Schengen Area, four—Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, and Romania—are legally obliged to join the area in the future, while the other one—Ireland—maintains an opt-out. The four European Free Trade Association (EFTA) member states, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland, are not members of the EU, but have signed agreements in association with the Schengen Agreement. Three European microstates that are not members of the European Union but which are enclaves or semi-enclave within an EU member state—Monaco, San Marino, and Vatican City—are de facto part of the Schengen Area.

The Schengen Area has a population of over 420 million people and an area of 4,312,099 square kilometres (1,664,911 sq mi).[2] About 1.7 million people commute to work across a European border each day, and in some regions these people constitute up to a third of the workforce. Each year, there are 1.3 billion crossings of Schengen borders in total. 57 million crossings are due to transport of goods by road, with a value of €2.8 trillion each year.[3][4][5] The decrease in the cost of trade due to Schengen varies from 0.42% to 1.59% depending on geography, trade partners, and other factors. Countries outside of the Schengen area also benefit.[6] States in the Schengen Area have strengthened border controls with non-Schengen countries.[7]