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. (february 2019)
from upper left: reykjavík from perlan, rooftops from hallgrímskirkja, reykjavík from hallgrímskirkja, fríkirkjan, panorama from perlan
coat of arms
location of reykjavík
|constituency||reykjavík constituency north|
reykjavík constituency south
|market right||18 august 1786|
|mayor||dagur bergþóruson eggertsson (sda)|
|council||reykjavík city council|
|area||273 km2 (105 sq mi)|
|density||471.77/km2 (1,221.9/sq mi)|
reykjavík (/ rayk-yə-vik, -veek; icelandic: [ˈreiːcaˌviːk] (listen)) is the capital and largest city of iceland. it is located in southwestern iceland, on the southern shore of faxaflói bay. its latitude is 64°08' n, making it the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state.[a] with a population of around 128,793 (and 228,231 in the capital region), it is the center of iceland's cultural, economic, and governmental activity, and is a popular tourist destination.
reykjavík is believed to be the location of the first permanent settlement in iceland, which, according to landnámabók, was established by ingólfr arnarson in ad 874. until the 19th century, there was no urban development in the city location. the city was founded in 1785 as an official trading town and grew steadily over the following decades, as it transformed into a regional and later national centre of commerce, population, and governmental activities. it is among the cleanest, greenest, and safest cities in the world.