Republican Party (United States)

  • republican party
    abbreviationgop (grand old party)
    chairpersonronna mcdaniel (mi)
    u.s. presidentdonald trump (fl)
    u.s. vice presidentmike pence (in)
    senate majority leadermitch mcconnell (ky)
    house minority leaderkevin mccarthy (ca)
    foundedmarch 20, 1854; 166 years ago (1854-03-20)
    preceded bywhig party
    free soil party
    headquarters310 first street se
    washington, d.c. 20003
    student wingcollege republicans
    youth wingyoung republicans
    teen age republicans
    women's wingnational federation of republican women
    overseas wingrepublicans overseas
    membership (2018)decrease32,854,496[1][needs update]
    ideologymajority:
     • conservatism[2]
     • fiscal conservatism[3]
     • social conservatism[4][5][6]
    factions:
     • centrism[7]
     • libertarianism[8]
     • neoconservatism[8]
     • right-wing populism[9][10]
    international affiliationinternational democrat union[11]
    regional affiliationasia pacific democrat union[12]
    colors     red
    seats in the senate
    53 / 100
    seats in the house
    197 / 435
    state governorships
    26 / 50
    state upper chamber seats
    1,080 / 1,972
    state lower chamber seats
    2,773 / 5,411
    territorial governorships
    1 / 6
    territorial upper chamber seats
    12 / 97
    territorial lower chamber seats
    14 / 91
    election symbol
    republican disc.svg
    website
    gop.com
    • politics of united states
    • political parties
    • elections

    the republican party, also referred to as the gop (grand old party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the united states, along with its main, historic rival, the democratic party.

    the gop was founded in 1854 by opponents of the kansas–nebraska act, which allowed for the potential expansion of slavery into certain u.s. territories. the party supported classical liberalism, opposed the expansion of slavery, and supported economic reform.[13][14] abraham lincoln was the first republican president. under the leadership of lincoln and a republican congress, slavery was banned in the united states in 1865. the party was generally dominant during the third party system and the fourth party system. after 1912, the party underwent an ideological shift to the right.[15] following the civil rights act of 1964 and the voting rights act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with southern states becoming more reliably republican in presidential politics.[16] the party's 21st-century base of support includes people living in rural areas, men, people without college degrees, the elderly, white americans, and evangelical christians.[17][18][19][20][21]

    the 21st-century republican party ideology is american conservatism, which incorporates both economic policies and social values. the gop supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, restrictions on immigration, increased military spending, gun rights, restrictions on abortion, deregulation and restrictions on labor unions. after the supreme court's 1973 decision in roe v. wade, the republican party opposed abortion in its party platform and grew its support among evangelicals.[22] the gop was strongly committed to protectionism and tariffs at its founding but grew more supportive of free trade in the 20th century.

    there have been 19 republican presidents (including incumbent president donald trump, who was elected in 2016), the most from any one political party. as of 2020, the gop controls the presidency, a majority in the u.s. senate, a majority of state governorships, a majority (29) of state legislatures, and 21 state government trifectas (governorship and both legislative chambers). five of the nine sitting u.s. supreme court justices were nominated by republican presidents.

  • history
  • name and symbols
  • political positions
  • composition
  • republican presidents
  • electoral history
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Republican Party
AbbreviationGOP (Grand Old Party)
ChairpersonRonna McDaniel (MI)
U.S. PresidentDonald Trump (FL)
U.S. Vice PresidentMike Pence (IN)
Senate Majority LeaderMitch McConnell (KY)
House Minority LeaderKevin McCarthy (CA)
FoundedMarch 20, 1854; 166 years ago (1854-03-20)
Preceded byWhig Party
Free Soil Party
Headquarters310 First Street SE
Washington, D.C. 20003
Student wingCollege Republicans
Youth wingYoung Republicans
Teen Age Republicans
Women's wingNational Federation of Republican Women
Overseas wingRepublicans Overseas
Membership (2018)Decrease32,854,496[1][needs update]
IdeologyMajority:
 • Conservatism[2]
 • Fiscal conservatism[3]
 • Social conservatism[4][5][6]
Factions:
 • Centrism[7]
 • Libertarianism[8]
 • Neoconservatism[8]
 • Right-wing populism[9][10]
International affiliationInternational Democrat Union[11]
Regional affiliationAsia Pacific Democrat Union[12]
Colors     Red
Seats in the Senate
53 / 100
Seats in the House
197 / 435
State Governorships
26 / 50
State Upper Chamber Seats
1,080 / 1,972
State Lower Chamber Seats
2,773 / 5,411
Territorial Governorships
1 / 6
Territorial Upper Chamber Seats
12 / 97
Territorial Lower Chamber Seats
14 / 91
Election symbol
Republican Disc.svg
Website
gop.com

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (Grand Old Party), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its main, historic rival, the Democratic Party.

The GOP was founded in 1854 by opponents of the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which allowed for the potential expansion of slavery into certain U.S. territories. The party supported classical liberalism, opposed the expansion of slavery, and supported economic reform.[13][14] Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican president. Under the leadership of Lincoln and a Republican Congress, slavery was banned in the United States in 1865. The Party was generally dominant during the Third Party System and the Fourth Party System. After 1912, the Party underwent an ideological shift to the right.[15] Following the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the party's core base shifted, with Southern states becoming more reliably Republican in presidential politics.[16] The party's 21st-century base of support includes people living in rural areas, men, people without college degrees, the elderly, white Americans, and evangelical Christians.[17][18][19][20][21]

The 21st-century Republican Party ideology is American conservatism, which incorporates both economic policies and social values. The GOP supports lower taxes, free market capitalism, restrictions on immigration, increased military spending, gun rights, restrictions on abortion, deregulation and restrictions on labor unions. After the Supreme Court's 1973 decision in Roe v. Wade, the Republican Party opposed abortion in its party platform and grew its support among evangelicals.[22] The GOP was strongly committed to protectionism and tariffs at its founding but grew more supportive of free trade in the 20th century.

There have been 19 Republican presidents (including incumbent president Donald Trump, who was elected in 2016), the most from any one political party. As of 2020, the GOP controls the presidency, a majority in the U.S. Senate, a majority of state governorships, a majority (29) of state legislatures, and 21 state government trifectas (governorship and both legislative chambers). Five of the nine sitting U.S. Supreme Court justices were nominated by Republican presidents.