Raymond Aron

  • raymond aron
    raymond aron (1966).jpg
    raymond aron (1966) by erling mandelmann
    born(1905-03-14)14 march 1905
    paris, france
    died17 october 1983(1983-10-17) (aged 78)[1]
    paris, france
    educationÉcole normale supérieure, university of paris[2] (dr ès l)
    era20th-century philosophy
    regionwestern philosophy
    schoolcontinental philosophy
    french liberalism
    main interests
    political philosophy
    notable ideas
    marxism as the opium of intellectuals

    raymond claude ferdinand aron (french: [ʁɛmɔ̃ aʁɔ̃]; 14 march 1905 – 17 october 1983) was a french philosopher, sociologist, political scientist, and journalist.

    he is best known for his 1955 book the opium of the intellectuals, the title of which inverts karl marx's claim that religion was the opium of the people – aron argues that in post-war france, marxism was the opium of the intellectuals. in the book, aron chastised french intellectuals for what he described as their harsh criticism of capitalism and democracy and their simultaneous defense of marxist oppression, atrocities, and intolerance. critic roger kimball[6] suggests that opium is "a seminal book of the twentieth century." aron is also known for his lifelong friendship, sometimes fractious, with philosopher jean-paul sartre.[7]

    as a voice of moderation in politics,[8] aron had many disciples on both the political left and right, but he remarked that he personally was "more of a left-wing aronian than a right-wing one."[9]

    aron wrote extensively on a wide range of other topics. citing the breadth and quality of aron's writings, historian james r. garland suggests, "though he may be little known in america, raymond aron arguably stood as the preeminent example of french intellectualism for much of the twentieth century."[10]

  • life and career
  • political commitment
  • political thought
  • works
  • references
  • sources
  • external links

Raymond Aron
Raymond Aron (1966).jpg
Raymond Aron (1966) by Erling Mandelmann
Born(1905-03-14)14 March 1905
Paris, France
Died17 October 1983(1983-10-17) (aged 78)[1]
Paris, France
EducationÉcole Normale Supérieure, University of Paris[2] (Dr ès l)
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolContinental philosophy
French liberalism
Main interests
Political philosophy
Notable ideas
Marxism as the opium of intellectuals

Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron (French: [ʁɛmɔ̃ aʁɔ̃]; 14 March 1905 – 17 October 1983) was a French philosopher, sociologist, political scientist, and journalist.

He is best known for his 1955 book The Opium of the Intellectuals, the title of which inverts Karl Marx's claim that religion was the opium of the people – Aron argues that in post-war France, Marxism was the opium of the intellectuals. In the book, Aron chastised French intellectuals for what he described as their harsh criticism of capitalism and democracy and their simultaneous defense of Marxist oppression, atrocities, and intolerance. Critic Roger Kimball[6] suggests that Opium is "a seminal book of the twentieth century." Aron is also known for his lifelong friendship, sometimes fractious, with philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre.[7]

As a voice of moderation in politics,[8] Aron had many disciples on both the political left and right, but he remarked that he personally was "more of a left-wing Aronian than a right-wing one."[9]

Aron wrote extensively on a wide range of other topics. Citing the breadth and quality of Aron's writings, historian James R. Garland suggests, "Though he may be little known in America, Raymond Aron arguably stood as the preeminent example of French intellectualism for much of the twentieth century."[10]