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Location of Germany within Europe 

Germany (German: Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Germany includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,578 square kilometres (138,062 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the second most populous state of Europe after Russia, the most populous state lying entirely in Europe, as well as the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is a very decentralised country. Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital and has the country's busiest airport.

In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After World War I and the revolution of 1918–19, the Empire was replaced by the parliamentary Weimar Republic. The Nazi seizure of power in 1933 led to World War II, and the Holocaust. After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, two new German states were founded: West Germany, formed from the American, British, and French occupation zones, and East Germany, formed from the Soviet occupation zone. Following the Revolutions of 1989 that ended communist rule in Central and Eastern Europe, the country was reunified on 3 October 1990.

Today, Germany is a federal parliamentary republic led by a chancellor. It is a great power with a strong economy. The Federal Republic of Germany was a founding member of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the European Union in 1993. Read more...

Selected article

Emanuel Lasker

Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years, from 1894 to 1921, the longest reign of any officially recognised World Chess Champion in history. In his prime, Lasker was one of the most dominant champions, and he is still generally regarded as one of the strongest players ever.

His contemporaries used to say that Lasker used a "psychological" approach to the game, and even that he sometimes deliberately played inferior moves to confuse opponents. Recent analysis, however, indicates that he was ahead of his time and used a more flexible approach than his contemporaries, which mystified many of them. Lasker knew contemporary analyses of openings well but disagreed with many of them. He published chess magazines and five chess books, but later players and commentators found it difficult to draw lessons from his methods.

Lasker made contributions to the development of other games. He was a first-class contract bridge player and wrote about bridge, Go, and his own invention, Lasca. His books about games presented a problem that is still considered notable in the mathematical analysis of card games. Lasker was a research mathematician who was known for his contributions to commutative algebra, which included proving the primary decomposition of the ideals of polynomial rings. His philosophical works and a drama that he co-wrote, however, received little attention. Read more...

Selected picture

AlteNationalgalerie 1a.jpg

The Alte Nationalgalerie, a gallery on Museum Island, Berlin
Image credit: Manfred Brückels

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Anniversaries for February 20

Johann Heinrich Voß

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Germany news

Thomas Kemmerich
Thomas Kemmerich
7 February 2020 –
Minister-president of Thuringia (Deutsche Welle)
5 February 2020 –
Thomas Kemmerich is elected Minister-President of Thuringia with votes of the far-right (Deutsche Welle)
27 January 2020 – 2019–20 Wuhan coronavirus outbreak
Germany confirms its first case of novel coronavirus in the state of Bavaria. The infected man has been placed in an (Deutsche Welle)
7 January 2020 – 2019–20 Persian Gulf crisis, Iran–United States relations
Germany announces a partial withdrawal of the Bundeswehr troops positioned in (DW)

More Germany-related news in English can be found at Deutsche Welle and Der Spiegel.

Selected fare or cuisine

Tarte flambée alsacienne 514471722.jpg

Flammkuchen (German lit. "flame pastry"; French: tarte flambée) is a speciality of Alsace and the Baden-Württemberg and Rheinland-Pfalz regions on the German-French border. It is composed of bread dough rolled out very thinly in the shape of a rectangle or oval, which is covered with fromage blanc or crème fraîche, thin-sliced onions and lardons. It is one of the most famous specialties of the region.

Depending on the region, this dish can be called Flàmmeküeche Flàmmaküacha or Flammekuechle in Alsatian, Flammkuche in Lorraine Franconian, Flammkuchen in German or tarte flambée in French. All these names translate as "pie baked in the flames." Contrary to what the direct translation would suggest, tarte flambée is not flambéed but is cooked in a wood-fire oven. There are many variations of the original recipe in terms of the garniture. The standard variations are: Read more...


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