Pitcairn Islands

  • pitcairn islands

    pitkern ailen  (pitcairn-norfolk)
    british overseas territory
    pitcairn, henderson, ducie and oeno islands
    flag of pitcairn islands
    flag
    official seal of pitcairn islands
    coat of arms
    anthem: "god save the queen"
    unofficial anthems: "come ye blessed"
    "we from pitcairn island"[1]
    location of pitcairn islands (circled in red)
    location of pitcairn islands (circled in red)
    sovereign stateunited kingdom
    settlement15 january 1790
    british colony30 november 1838
    capital
    and largest settlement
    adamstown
    25°04′s 130°06′w / 25°04′s 130°06′w / -25.067; -130.100
    official languages
    • english
    • pitkern
    ethnic groups
    pitcairn islanders
    demonym(s)pitcairn islander
    governmentdevolved locally governing dependency under a constitutional monarchy
    • monarch
    elizabeth ii
    • mayor
    charlene warren-peu
    legislatureisland council
    area
    • total
    47 km2 (18 sq mi) (not ranked)
    • water (%)
    0
    highest elevation
    2,313 ft (705 m)
    population
    • 2019 estimate
    50[2] (last)
    • density
    1.19/km2 (3.1/sq mi) (240th)
    gdp (nominal)2005 estimate
    • total
    nz$217,000[3]
    currencynew zealand dollar (nz$) (nzd)
    time zoneutc-08:00
    date formatdd/mm/yyyy
    driving sideleft
    calling code+64
    uk postcode
    pcrn 1xx
    iso 3166 codepn
    internet tld.pn

    the pitcairn islands (n/;[4] pitkern: pitkern ailen), officially pitcairn, henderson, ducie and oeno islands,[5][6][7][8] are a group of four volcanic islands in the southern pacific ocean that form the sole british overseas territory in the pacific ocean. the four islands—pitcairn proper, henderson, ducie and oeno—are scattered across several hundred miles of ocean and have a combined land area of about 18 square miles (47 km2). henderson island accounts for 86% of the land area, but only pitcairn island is inhabited. the nearest places are mangareva (of french polynesia) to the west and easter island to the east.

    pitcairn is the least populous national jurisdiction in the world.[9] the pitcairn islanders are a biracial ethnic group descended mostly from nine bounty mutineers and the handful of tahitians who accompanied them, an event that has been retold in many books and films. this history is still apparent in the surnames of many of the islanders. as of 2014, there were approximately 50 permanent inhabitants, originating from four main families.[10]

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Pitcairn Islands

Pitkern Ailen  (Pitcairn-Norfolk)
Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands
Anthem: "God Save the Queen"
Unofficial anthems: "Come Ye Blessed"
"We From Pitcairn Island"[1]
Location of Pitcairn Islands (circled in red)
Location of Pitcairn Islands (circled in red)
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Settlement15 January 1790
British colony30 November 1838
Capital
and largest settlement
Adamstown
25°04′S 130°06′W / 25°04′S 130°06′W / -25.067; -130.100
Official languages
Ethnic groups
Pitcairn Islanders
Demonym(s)Pitcairn Islander
GovernmentDevolved locally governing dependency under a constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
• Mayor
Charlene Warren-Peu
LegislatureIsland Council
Area
• Total
47 km2 (18 sq mi) (not ranked)
• Water (%)
0
Highest elevation
2,313 ft (705 m)
Population
• 2019 estimate
50[2] (last)
• Density
1.19/km2 (3.1/sq mi) (240th)
GDP (nominal)2005 estimate
• Total
NZ$217,000[3]
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar (NZ$) (NZD)
Time zoneUTC-08:00
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+64
UK postcode
PCRN 1xx
ISO 3166 codePN
Internet TLD.pn

The Pitcairn Islands (n/;[4] Pitkern: Pitkern Ailen), officially Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands,[5][6][7][8] are a group of four volcanic islands in the southern Pacific Ocean that form the sole British Overseas Territory in the Pacific Ocean. The four islands—Pitcairn proper, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno—are scattered across several hundred miles of ocean and have a combined land area of about 18 square miles (47 km2). Henderson Island accounts for 86% of the land area, but only Pitcairn Island is inhabited. The nearest places are Mangareva (of French Polynesia) to the west and Easter Island to the east.

Pitcairn is the least populous national jurisdiction in the world.[9] The Pitcairn Islanders are a biracial ethnic group descended mostly from nine Bounty mutineers and the handful of Tahitians who accompanied them, an event that has been retold in many books and films. This history is still apparent in the surnames of many of the islanders. As of 2014, there were approximately 50 permanent inhabitants, originating from four main families.[10]