Organisation internationale de la Francophonie

Organisation internationale
de la Francophonie
Flag of Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
Flag
Logo of Organisation internationale de la Francophonie
Logo
Anthem: "Ode to Joy" (orchestral)
Motto
"Égalité, complémentarité, solidarité"[1]
"Equality, complementarity, solidarity"
Map showing the member states of la Francophonie (blue)
Map showing the member states of la Francophonie (blue)
HeadquartersParis, France
Official languageFrench
Membership
Leaders
• Secretary-General
Louise Mushikiwabo
• APF General Secretary
Jacques Krabal
• APF President
François Paradis
Establishment
• Conference of Niamey
20 March 1970
(as ACCT)
• Conference of Hanoi
14–16 November 1997
(as La Francophonie)
Area
• Total
28,223,185 km2 (10,897,033 sq mi)
Population
• 2013 estimate
~ 1 billion
• Density
34.36/km2 (89.0/sq mi)
  1. Deliberately alluding to France's motto.

The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), sometimes shortened to the Francophonie (French: La Francophonie [la fʁɑ̃kɔfɔni])[3][note 1] but also called International Organisation of La Francophonie in English language context,[4] is an international organization representing countries and regions where French is a lingua franca or customary language, where a significant proportion of the population are francophones (French speakers), or where there is a notable affiliation with French culture.

The organization comprises 88 member states and governments; of these, 54 states and governments are full members, 7 are associate members and 27 are observers. The term francophonie (with a lowercase "f"), or francosphere (often capitalized in English), also refers to the global community of French-speaking peoples,[5] comprising a network of private and public organizations promoting equal ties among countries where French people or France played a significant historical role, culturally, militarily, or politically.

French geographer Onésime Reclus, brother of Élisée Reclus, coined the word Francophonie in 1880 to refer to the community of people and countries using the French language. Francophonie was then coined a second time by Léopold Sédar Senghor, founder of the Négritude movement, in the review Esprit in 1962, who assimilated it into Humanism.[6][7]

The modern organisation was created in 1970. Its motto is égalité, complémentarité, solidarité ("equality, complementarity, and solidarity"),[1] a deliberate allusion to France's motto liberté, égalité, fraternité. Starting as a small club of northern French-speaking countries, the Francophonie has since evolved into a global organization whose numerous branches cooperate with its member states in the fields of culture, science, economy, justice, and peace.

History

The convention which created the Agency for Cultural and Technical Co-operation (Agence de Coopération Culturelle et Technique) was signed on 20 March 1970 by the representatives of the 21 states and governments under the influence of African Heads of State, Léopold Sédar Senghor of Senegal, Habib Bourguiba of Tunisia, Hamani Diori of Niger and Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.

Based on the sharing of the French language, the missions of this new intergovernmental organization are the promotion of the cultures of its members and the intensification of the cultural and technical cooperation between them, as well as the solidarity and the connection between them through dialogue.

The Francophonie project ceaselessly evolved since the creation of the Agency for Cultural and Technical Co-operation, it became the intergovernmental Agency of the Francophonie (Agence intergouvernementale de la Francophonie) in 1998 to remind its intergovernmental status. Finally in 2005, the adoption of a new Charter of the Francophonie (la Charte de la Francophonie) gives the name to the Agency of international Organisation of the Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie).[8]