Monaco

  • principality of monaco

    principauté de monaco (french)
    principato di monaco  (italian)
    principat de mónegue  (occitan)
    principatu de mùnegu (ligurian)[a]
    flag of monaco
    flag
    coat of arms of monaco
    coat of arms
    motto: "deo juvante" (latin)
    (english: "with god's help")
    anthem: "hymne monégasque"
    (english: "hymn of monaco")
    location of monaco (green) in europe (green & dark grey)
    location of monaco (green)

    in europe (green & dark grey)

    capitalmonaco
    43°44′n 7°25′e / 43°44′n 7°25′e / 43.733; 7.417
    largest quartiermonte carlo
    official languagesfrench[1]
    common languages
    • monégasque
    • italian
    • occitan
    • provençal
    ethnic groups
    • monégasques
    • italians
    • french
    • occitans
    religion
    roman catholicism (official)[2]
    demonym(s)
    • monégasque
    • monacan[c]
    governmentunitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
    • monarch
    albert ii
    • minister of state
    serge telle
    legislaturenational council
    independence
    • house of grimaldi (under the sovereignty of the republic of genoa)
    1297
    • from the french empire
    17 may 1814
    • from occupation of the sixth coalition
    17 june 1814
    • franco-monegasque treaty
    1861
    • constitution
    1911
    area
    • total
    2.2 km2 (0.85 sq mi) (194th)
    • water (%)
    negligible[3]
    population
    • 2019 estimate
    steady 38,300[4] (217th)
    • 2016 census
    37,308[5]
    • density
    18,713/km2 (48,466.4/sq mi) (1st)
    gdp (ppp)2015 estimate
    • total
    increase $7.672 billion (2015 est.)[6] (158th)
    • per capita
    increase $115,700 (2015 est.)[6] (3rd)
    gdp (nominal)2018[b] estimate
    • total
    increase $7.185 billion[7] (145th)
    • per capita
    increase $185,741[8] (2nd)
    currencyeuro () (eur)
    time zoneutc+1 (cet)
    • summer (dst)
    utc+2 (cest)
    driving sideright[9]
    calling code+377
    iso 3166 codemc
    internet tld.mc
    1. ^ government offices are however, located in the quartier of monaco-ville.
    2. ^ gdp per capita calculations include non-resident workers from france and italy.
    3. ^ monacan is the term for residents.

    monaco (/ (about this soundlisten); french pronunciation: ​[mɔnako]), officially the principality of monaco (french: principauté de monaco),[a] is a sovereign city-state, country, and microstate on the french riviera in western europe. france borders the country on three sides while the other side borders the mediterranean sea. monaco is about 15 km (9.3 mi) from the state border with italy.[10]

    monaco has an area of 2.02 km2 (0.78 sq mi), making it the second-smallest country in the world after the vatican. its population as of 2018 is 38,682.[11] with 19,009 inhabitants per square kilometre (49,230/sq mi), it is the most densely-populated sovereign state in the world. monaco has a land border of 5.47 km (3.40 mi),[12] the world's shortest coastline of approximately 3.83 km (2.38 mi) (regardless of the coastline paradox), and a width that varies between 1,700 and 349 m (5,577 and 1,145 ft). the highest point in the country is a narrow pathway named chemin des révoires on the slopes of mont agel, in the les révoires ward, which is 161 metres (528 feet) above sea level. monaco's most populous quartier is monte carlo and the most populous ward is larvotto/bas moulins. through land reclamation, monaco's land mass has expanded by 20 percent. in 2005, it had an area of only 1.974 km2 (0.762 sq mi). monaco is known to be the most expensive and the wealthiest place in the world due to its tax laws. in 2014, it was noted that about 30% of the population was made up of millionaires.[13]

    monaco is a principality governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with prince albert ii as head of state. although prince albert ii is a constitutional monarch, he wields immense political power. the house of grimaldi has ruled monaco, with brief interruptions, since 1297.[14] the official language is french, but monégasque, italian, and english are widely spoken and understood.[b] the state's sovereignty was officially recognised by the franco-monegasque treaty of 1861, with monaco becoming a full united nations voting member in 1993. despite monaco's independence and separate foreign policy, its defence is the responsibility of france. however, monaco does maintain two small military units.

    economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with the opening of the country's first casino, monte carlo, and a railway connection to paris.[15] since then, monaco's mild climate, scenery, and gambling facilities have contributed to the principality's status as a tourist destination and recreation centre for the rich. in more recent years, monaco has become a major banking centre and has sought to diversify its economy into the services sector and small, high-value-added, non-polluting industries. the state has no income tax, low business taxes, and is well known for being a tax haven. it is also the host of the annual street circuit motor race monaco grand prix, one of the original grands prix of formula one and birthplace of scuderia ferrari driver charles leclerc. the principality has a club football team, as monaco, who have become french champions on multiple occasions.

    monaco is not formally a part of the european union (eu), but it participates in certain eu policies, including customs and border controls. through its relationship with france, monaco uses the euro as its sole currency (prior to this it used the monégasque franc). monaco joined the council of europe in 2004. it is a member of the organisation internationale de la francophonie (oif).

  • history
  • government
  • geography
  • economy
  • population
  • sports
  • culture
  • education
  • flag
  • transport
  • relations with other countries
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Principality of Monaco

Principauté de Monaco (French)
Principato di Monaco  (Italian)
Principat de Mónegue  (Occitan)
Principatu de Mùnegu (Ligurian)[a]
Motto: "Deo Juvante" (Latin)
(English: "With God's Help")
Anthem: "Hymne Monégasque"
(English: "Hymn of Monaco")
Location of Monaco (green) in Europe (green & dark grey)
Location of Monaco (green)

in Europe (green & dark grey)

CapitalMonaco
43°44′N 7°25′E / 43°44′N 7°25′E / 43.733; 7.417
Largest QuartierMonte Carlo
Official languagesFrench[1]
Common languages
Ethnic groups
Religion
Roman Catholicism (official)[2]
Demonym(s)
  • Monégasque
  • Monacan[c]
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Albert II
Serge Telle
LegislatureNational Council
Independence
• House of Grimaldi (under the sovereignty of the Republic of Genoa)
1297
• from the French Empire
17 May 1814
• from occupation of the Sixth Coalition
17 June 1814
1861
1911
Area
• Total
2.2 km2 (0.85 sq mi) (194th)
• Water (%)
negligible[3]
Population
• 2019 estimate
Steady 38,300[4] (217th)
• 2016 census
37,308[5]
• Density
18,713/km2 (48,466.4/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
Increase $7.672 billion (2015 est.)[6] (158th)
• Per capita
Increase $115,700 (2015 est.)[6] (3rd)
GDP (nominal)2018[b] estimate
• Total
Increase $7.185 billion[7] (145th)
• Per capita
Increase $185,741[8] (2nd)
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Driving sideright[9]
Calling code+377
ISO 3166 codeMC
Internet TLD.mc
  1. ^ Government offices are however, located in the Quartier of Monaco-Ville.
  2. ^ GDP per capita calculations include non-resident workers from France and Italy.
  3. ^ Monacan is the term for residents.

Monaco (/ (About this soundlisten); French pronunciation: ​[mɔnako]), officially the Principality of Monaco (French: Principauté de Monaco),[a] is a sovereign city-state, country, and microstate on the French Riviera in Western Europe. France borders the country on three sides while the other side borders the Mediterranean Sea. Monaco is about 15 km (9.3 mi) from the state border with Italy.[10]

Monaco has an area of 2.02 km2 (0.78 sq mi), making it the second-smallest country in the world after the Vatican. Its population as of 2018 is 38,682.[11] With 19,009 inhabitants per square kilometre (49,230/sq mi), it is the most densely-populated sovereign state in the world. Monaco has a land border of 5.47 km (3.40 mi),[12] the world's shortest coastline of approximately 3.83 km (2.38 mi) (regardless of the coastline paradox), and a width that varies between 1,700 and 349 m (5,577 and 1,145 ft). The highest point in the country is a narrow pathway named Chemin des Révoires on the slopes of Mont Agel, in the Les Révoires Ward, which is 161 metres (528 feet) above sea level. Monaco's most populous Quartier is Monte Carlo and the most populous Ward is Larvotto/Bas Moulins. Through land reclamation, Monaco's land mass has expanded by 20 percent. In 2005, it had an area of only 1.974 km2 (0.762 sq mi). Monaco is known to be the most expensive and the wealthiest place in the world due to its tax laws. In 2014, it was noted that about 30% of the population was made up of millionaires.[13]

Monaco is a principality governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as head of state. Although Prince Albert II is a constitutional monarch, he wields immense political power. The House of Grimaldi has ruled Monaco, with brief interruptions, since 1297.[14] The official language is French, but Monégasque, Italian, and English are widely spoken and understood.[b] The state's sovereignty was officially recognised by the Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861, with Monaco becoming a full United Nations voting member in 1993. Despite Monaco's independence and separate foreign policy, its defence is the responsibility of France. However, Monaco does maintain two small military units.

Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with the opening of the country's first casino, Monte Carlo, and a railway connection to Paris.[15] Since then, Monaco's mild climate, scenery, and gambling facilities have contributed to the principality's status as a tourist destination and recreation centre for the rich. In more recent years, Monaco has become a major banking centre and has sought to diversify its economy into the services sector and small, high-value-added, non-polluting industries. The state has no income tax, low business taxes, and is well known for being a tax haven. It is also the host of the annual street circuit motor race Monaco Grand Prix, one of the original Grands Prix of Formula One and birthplace of Scuderia Ferrari driver Charles Leclerc. The principality has a club football team, AS Monaco, who have become French champions on multiple occasions.

Monaco is not formally a part of the European Union (EU), but it participates in certain EU policies, including customs and border controls. Through its relationship with France, Monaco uses the euro as its sole currency (prior to this it used the Monégasque franc). Monaco joined the Council of Europe in 2004. It is a member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF).