London Stansted Airport

London Stansted Airport
Stansted Airport logo.png
London Stansted Airport.JPG
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerManchester Airports Group
OperatorStansted Airport Limited
ServesLondon, United Kingdom and the county of Essex
LocationStansted Mountfitchet, Essex
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL348 ft / 106 m
Coordinates51°53′06″N 000°14′06″E / 51°53′06″N 000°14′06″E / 
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
04/223,04910,003Grooved Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers27,996,116
Passenger change 17-18Increase8.1%
Aircraft movements189,919
Movements change 16-17Increase5.3%
Sources: UK AIP at NATS[1]
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority[2]

London Stansted Airport (IATA: STN, ICAO: EGSS) is an international airport located at Stansted Mountfitchet in the district of Uttlesford in Essex, 42 mi (68 km) northeast of Central London.

London Stansted serves 200 destinations across Europe, the Middle East and Africa.[3] Stansted is a base for a number of major European low-cost carriers, being the largest base for low-cost airline Ryanair, with over 130 destinations served by the airline. In 2015 it was the fourth busiest airport in the United Kingdom after Heathrow, Gatwick and Manchester. Stansted's runway is also used by private companies such as the Harrods Aviation, Titan Airways and XJet terminals which are private ground handlers who are able to handle private flights, charter flights and state visits.

Originally owned and operated by BAA, since February 2013 the airport has been in the hands of Manchester Airports Group (MAG) following a March 2009 ruling by the Competition Commission.[4][5]

Overview

London Stansted Airport has one main passenger terminal, near the village of Stansted Mountfitchet. There are three passenger satellites in which the departure gates are situated; one is connected to the main terminal by an air-bridge and the other two by the Stansted Airport Transit System people mover.

The terminal building was designed by Foster Associates with input from the structural engineer Peter Rice,[6] and features a "floating" roof, supported by a space frame of inverted-pyramid roof trusses, creating the impression of a stylised swan in flight. The base of each truss structure is a "utility pillar", which provides indirect uplighting illumination and is the location for air-conditioning, water, telecommunications and electrical outlets. The layout of the airport was originally designed to provide an unobstructed flow for passengers to arrive at the short-stay car park, move through the check-in hall, go through security and on to the departure gates all on the same level.

From 1997 to 2007, Stansted saw rapid expansion of passenger numbers on the back of the boom in low-cost air travel, peaking at 24 million passengers in the 12 months to October 2007, but passenger numbers declined in the next five years to 2012. Passenger totals later increased, and in 2016 recorded an annual increase of 8.0% to 24.3 million and numbers have since continued to rise.[2]