London

  • london
    capital city
    london montage. clicking on an image in the picture causes the browser to load the appropriate article.
    about this image
    clockwise from top: city of london in the foreground with canary wharf in the far background, trafalgar square, london eye, tower bridge and a london underground roundel in front of elizabeth tower
    london is located in the united kingdom
    london
    london
    location within the united kingdom
    london is located in england
    london
    london
    location within england
    london is located in europe
    london
    london
    location within europe
    london is located in earth
    london
    london
    location within earth
    coordinates: 51°30′26″n 0°7′39″w / 51°30′26″n 0°7′39″w / 51.50722; -0.12750utc+1 (british summer time)
    postcode areas
    area codes
    policecity of london
    metropolitan
    fire and rescuelondon
    ambulancelondon
    airportsheathrow (lhr)
    city (lcy)
    outside london:
    gatwick (lgw)
    stansted (stn)
    luton (ltn)
    southend (sen)
    geotldlondon.gov.uk

    london is the capital and largest city of england and the united kingdom.[7][8] standing on the river thames in the south-east of england, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the north sea, london has been a major settlement for two millennia. londinium was founded by the romans.[9] the city of london, london's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the square mile − retains boundaries that closely follow its medieval limits.[10][11][12][13][14][note 1] the city of westminster is also an inner london borough holding city status. greater london is governed by the mayor of london and the london assembly.[15][note 2][16]

    london is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities[17][18][19] and has been called the world's most powerful,[20] most desirable,[21] most influential,[22] most visited,[23] most expensive,[24][25] innovative,[26] sustainable,[27] most investment-friendly,[28] and most-popular-for-work[29] city. london exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transportation.[30][31] london ranks 26th out of 300 major cities for economic performance.[32] it is one of the largest financial centres[33] and has either the fifth or the sixth largest metropolitan area gdp.[note 3][34][35][36][37][38] it is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals[39] and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic.[40] it is the leading investment destination,[41][42][43][44] hosting more international retailers[45][46] and ultra high-net-worth individuals[47][48] than any other city. london's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in europe,[49] and london is home to highly ranked institutions such as imperial college london in natural and applied sciences, the london school of economics in social sciences, and the comprehensive university college london and king's college london.[50][51][52] in 2012, london became the first city to have hosted three modern summer olympic games.[53]

    london has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region.[54] its estimated mid-2018 municipal population (corresponding to greater london) was 8,908,081,[4] the third most populous of any city in europe[55] and accounts for 13.4% of the uk population.[56] london's urban area is the third most populous in europe, after moscow and paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.[57] the london commuter belt is the most populous in europe with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016.[note 4][3][58] prior to brexit, london had been the largest city in the eu. london was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925.[59]

    london contains four world heritage sites: the tower of london; kew gardens; the site comprising the palace of westminster, westminster abbey, and st margaret's church; and the historic settlement in greenwich where the royal observatory, greenwich defines the prime meridian (0° longitude) and greenwich mean time.[60] other landmarks include buckingham palace, the london eye, piccadilly circus, st paul's cathedral, tower bridge, trafalgar square and the shard. london has numerous museums, galleries, libraries and sporting events. these include the british museum, national gallery, natural history museum, tate modern, british library and west end theatres.[61] the london underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world.

  • toponymy
  • history
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  • geography
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  • see also
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London
Heron TowerTower 4230 St Mary AxeLeadenhall BuildingWillis BuildingLloyds BuildingCanary Wharf20 Fenchurch StreetCity of LondonLondon UndergroundElizabeth TowerTrafalgar SquareLondon EyeTower BridgeRiver ThamesLondon montage. Clicking on an image in the picture causes the browser to load the appropriate article.
About this image
Clockwise from top: City of London in the foreground with Canary Wharf in the far background, Trafalgar Square, London Eye, Tower Bridge and a London Underground roundel in front of Elizabeth Tower
London is located in the United Kingdom
London
London
Location within the United Kingdom
London is located in England
London
London
Location within England
London is located in Europe
London
London
Location within Europe
London is located in Earth
London
London
Location within Earth
Coordinates: 51°30′26″N 0°7′39″W / 51°30′26″N 0°7′39″W / 51.50722; -0.12750UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areas
Area codes
PoliceCity of London
Metropolitan
Fire and rescueLondon
AmbulanceLondon
AirportsHeathrow (LHR)
City (LCY)
Outside London:
Gatwick (LGW)
Stansted (STN)
Luton (LTN)
Southend (SEN)
GeoTLDlondon.gov.uk

London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom.[7][8] Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans.[9] The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that closely follow its medieval limits.[10][11][12][13][14][note 1] The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.[15][note 2][16]

London is considered to be one of the world's most important global cities[17][18][19] and has been called the world's most powerful,[20] most desirable,[21] most influential,[22] most visited,[23] most expensive,[24][25] innovative,[26] sustainable,[27] most investment-friendly,[28] and most-popular-for-work[29] city. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transportation.[30][31] London ranks 26th out of 300 major cities for economic performance.[32] It is one of the largest financial centres[33] and has either the fifth or the sixth largest metropolitan area GDP.[note 3][34][35][36][37][38] It is the most-visited city as measured by international arrivals[39] and has the busiest city airport system as measured by passenger traffic.[40] It is the leading investment destination,[41][42][43][44] hosting more international retailers[45][46] and ultra high-net-worth individuals[47][48] than any other city. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe,[49] and London is home to highly ranked institutions such as Imperial College London in natural and applied sciences, the London School of Economics in social sciences, and the comprehensive University College London and King's College London.[50][51][52] In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games.[53]

London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region.[54] Its estimated mid-2018 municipal population (corresponding to Greater London) was 8,908,081,[4] the third most populous of any city in Europe[55] and accounts for 13.4% of the UK population.[56] London's urban area is the third most populous in Europe, after Moscow and Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census.[57] The London commuter belt is the most populous in Europe with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016.[note 4][3][58] Prior to Brexit, London had been the largest city in the EU. London was the world's most populous city from c. 1831 to 1925.[59]

London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret's Church; and the historic settlement in Greenwich where the Royal Observatory, Greenwich defines the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) and Greenwich Mean Time.[60] Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries, libraries and sporting events. These include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres.[61] The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world.