List of countries with multiple capitals

Countries with multiple capitals
  Countries that currently have multiple capital cities
  Countries that have had multiple capital cities in the past

Some countries have multiple capitals. In some cases, one city is the capital for some purposes, and one or more others are capital for other purposes, without any being considered an official capital in preference to the others.

There are also cases where there is a single legally defined capital, but one or more other cities operate as the seat of government of some or all parts of the national government. While such cases are arguably not technically multiple capitals, the situation is similar; so they are included in this list.

More than one capital at present

Country Capitals Details
 Benin Porto-Novo Official capital; seat of legislature
Cotonou De facto seat of government; seat of judicial bodies
 Bolivia Sucre Official (constitutional) capital; seat of national judiciary
La Paz Seat of national executive, legislative, and electoral bodies
 Burundi Gitega Official (constitutional) capital
Bujumbura Seat of national executive
 Chile Santiago Official capital; seat of national administrative and judicial bodies
Valparaíso Seat of national legislature
 Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro Official capital
Abidjan De facto seat of government
 Czech Republic Prague Official capital, seat of national administrative and legislative bodies
Brno Seat of national judiciary bodies

 Eswatini

Mbabane Administrative capital
Lobamba Legislative and royal capital
 Honduras Tegucigalpa De facto capital and, with Comayagüela, one of two cities constituting the Municipality of the Central District, which is the official constitutional capital
Comayagüela With Tegucigalpa, one of two cities constituting the Municipality of the Central District, which is the official constitutional capital
 Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Official and royal capital; seat of national legislature
Putrajaya Administrative centre and seat of national judiciary
 Montenegro Podgorica Official capital
Cetinje Seat of President of Montenegro
 Netherlands Amsterdam De jure capital under the Constitution of the Netherlands
The Hague Seat of government
 South Africa Pretoria Administrative and executive capital
Cape Town Legislative capital
Bloemfontein Judicial capital
 Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Official capital and seat of national legislature
Colombo De facto seat of national executive and judicial bodies
 Tanzania Dodoma Official and legislative capital
Dar es Salaam De facto seat of government; seat of judicial bodies
 Western Sahara (SADR) Laayoune Declared capital
Tifariti Temporary capital
 Yemen Sana'a Internationally recognized capital, occupied by the Houthis
Aden Temporary capital