List of cities in Kazakhstan

As of March 2017, the share of Kazakhstan's urban population is 53%. Kazakhstan's modernization program and innovative development path are expected to accelerate the country's urbanization processes resulting in increased share of urban population from 53% to 70% by 2030.[1]

Provinces and main cities of Kazakhstan

The following is a list of cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants in Kazakhstan. The names of many places have been changed during the last century, sometimes more than once. Wherever possible, the old names have been included and linked to the new ones.

InsigniaName EnglishName KazakhPrevious nameCity since1979198919992008Status [1]Province
Coat of arms of Aktau.png
AktauАқтау
Aqtaý
Shevchenko19630159,245143,396180,3732Mangystau Province
Aktobe seal - 2.png
AktobeАқтөбе
Aqtóbe
Aktubinsk1880190,569253,532253,088285,5072Aktobe Province
NewGerb Almaty 2010.jpg
AlmatyАлматы
Almaty
Verniy, Верный, Alma-Ata, Алма́-Ата́1867909,6441,127,8841,129,3561,328,3621Capital 1929–1997
Arkalyk seal.png
ArkalykАрқалық
Arqalyq
1965479636236745700566144Kostanay Province
Coat of arms of Atyrau.jpg
AtyrauАтырау
Atyraý
Guryev18851309161492611424971583082Atyrau province
Baikonur seal.png
BaikonurБайқоңыр
Baıqońyr
Leninsk19697470060200594521
Coats of arms of Balqash.png
BalqashБалқаш
Balqash
1937781458674281100868973Karagandy Province
Seal Zhezkazgan.png
ZhezkazganЖезқазған
Jezqazǵan
Dzhezkazgan1954892001070531034001121543Karagandy Province
Seal of Karaganda, Kazakhstan.png
KaragandyҚарағанды
Qaraǵandy
19345718775073184368644518002Karagandy Province
Герб Кентау.png
KentauКентау
Kentaý
1955629916378458100607994South Kazakhstan Province
Kyzylorda coat-of-arms.png
KyzylordaҚызылорда
Qyzylorda
18671561281504251573641829292Kyzylorda Province
Kokshetau seal.png
KokshetauКөкшетау
Kókshetaý
Kokchetav18621031621354241233891327532Akmola Province
Kostanay city seal.gif
KostanayҚостанай
Qostanaı
Kustanay18931645002235582214292493952Kostanay Province
Novi gerp.png
Nur-SultanНұр-Сұлтан
Nur-Sultan
Akmola, Akmolinsk, Tselinograd, Astana18312336382773653129653891891Capital
ZhanaozenЖаңаөзен
Jańaózen
Noviy Uzen'1968340004830051100607963Mangystau Province
Герб Павлодара.png
PavlodarПавлодар
Pavlodar
18612728953296813204003548092Pavlodar Province
Seal Petropavl.png
PetropavlПетропавл
Petropavl
Petropavlovsk18072065592396062163002085472North Kazakhstan Province
Ridder, Kazakhstan CoA.jpg
RidderРиддер
Rıdder
1934681356873056269542523East Kazakhstan Region
SaranСараң
Sarań
1954548786390048500490823Karagandy Province
Coats of arms of Satpayev.PNG
SatpayevСәтбаев
Sátbaev
1973487005934362900738743Karagandy Region
Semey Seal.png
SemeyСемей
Semeı
Alash-kala, Semipalatinsk17822825743171122925003121363East Kazakhstan Region
StepnogorskСтепногорск
Stepnogorsk
1964467006330050900477053Akmola Province
Taldykorgan seal.png
TaldykorganТалдықорған
Taldyqorǵan
1944879481186231071001147282Almaty Province
Seal Taraz.png
TarazТараз
Taraz
Talas, Zhambyl, Aulie-Ataancient2637933039613301253982332Jambyl Province
Coat of arms of Temirtau.svg
TemirtauТеміртау
Temirtaý
19452130262135511818001795203Karagandy Province
TurkistanТүркістан
Túrkistan
ancient6674177692876001096733South Kazakhstan Province
Oral seal.svg
OralОрал
Oral
Uralsk16131673521995222129002554892West Kazakhstan Region
Oskemen seal.jpg
OskemenӨскемен
Óskemen
Ust'-Kamenogorsk18682742873222213109503444212East Kazakhstan Region
Шымкент.png
ShymkentШымкент
Shymkent
Chimkentmiddle ages3215353800913902004545832South Kazakhstan Region
Coat of arms of Shahtinsk.png
ShakhtinskШахтинск
Shahtınsk
1961503826560054800547483Karagandy Region
SchuchinskЩучинск
Shýchınsk
19395550047900501284Akmola Province
Ekibastuz seal.png
EkibastuzЕкібастұз
Ekibastuz
1957658711350061372001581653Pavlodar Region