Laos

  • lao people's democratic republic

    • ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ  (lao)
    • saþalanalat paxaþipatai paxaxōn lao (romanisation)
    • république démocratique populaire lao  (french)
    flag of laos
    flag
    emblem of laos
    emblem
    motto: "ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ເອກະພາບ ວັດທະນະຖາວອນ"
    "santiphab ekalad pasaþipatai ekaphāb vadþa na þauaōn" (lao romanisation)
    "paix, indépendance, démocratie, unité et prospérité"
    (english: "peace, independence, democracy, unity and prosperity")
    anthem: "pheng xat lao"
    (english: "lao national anthem")
    laos orthographic map.png
    location laos asean.svg
    location of laos (green)

    in asean (dark grey)  –  [legend]

    capital
    and largest city
    vientiane
    17°58′n 102°36′e / 17°58′n 102°36′e / 17.967; 102.600
    official languageslao
    recognised languagesfrench[1]
    spoken languages
    • lao
    • hmong
    • khmu
    • french
    ethnic groups
    (2005[2])
    • 53.2% lao
    • 11% khmu
    • 9.2% hmong
    • 3.4% phouthai
    • 3.1% tai
    • 2.5% makong
    • 2.2% katang
    • 2.0% lue
    • 1.8% akha
    • 11.6% othera
    religion
    buddhism 64.7%
    tai folk religion 31.4%
    christianity 1.7%
    islam 0.8%
    other 1.3%
    demonym(s)lao
    laotian
    governmentunitary marxist–leninist one-party socialist republic
    • party general secretary and president
    bounnhang vorachith
    • party executive secretary and vice president
    phankham viphavanh
    • prime minister
    thongloun sisoulith
    • president of the national assembly
    pany yathotou
    legislaturenational assembly
    formation
    • kingdom of lan xang
    1353–1707
    • kingdoms of luang phrabang, vientiane & champasak
    1707-1778
    • vassals of siam
    1778–1893
    • french protectorate
    1893–1953
    • unified kingdom
    11 may 1947
    • independence
    from france
    22 october 1953
    • monarchy abolished
    2 december 1975
    • current constitution
    14 august 1991
    area
    • total
    237,955 km2 (91,875 sq mi) (82nd)
    • water (%)
    2
    population
    • estimate
    7,061,507[3][4] (103rd)
    • 2015 census
    7,096,376 6,492,228[5]
    • density
    26.7/km2 (69.2/sq mi) (151st)
    gdp (ppp)2019 estimate
    • total
    $58.329 billion[6]
    • per capita
    $8,458[6]
    gdp (nominal)2019 estimate
    • total
    $20.153 billion[6]
    • per capita
    $2,670[6] (131st)
    gini (2012)36.4[7]
    medium
    hdi (2018)increase 0.604[8]
    medium · 140th
    currencykip (₭) (lak)
    time zoneutc+7 (ict)
    date formatdd/mm/yyyy
    driving sideright
    calling code+856
    iso 3166 codela
    internet tld.la
    1. including over 100 smaller ethnic groups.

    laos (s/ (about this soundlisten),[9] s/;[10][11] lao: ລາວ, lāo [láːw]), officially the lao people's democratic republic (lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, romanizedsaþalanalat paxaþipatai paxaxōn lao; french: république démocratique populaire lao), is a socialist state and the only landlocked country in southeast asia. located at the heart of the indochinese peninsula, laos is bordered by myanmar and china to the northwest, vietnam to the east, cambodia to the southeast and thailand to the west and southwest.[12]

    present laos traces historic and cultural identity to lan xang, which existed from the 14th century to 18th century as one of the largest kingdoms in southeast asia.[13] due to its central geographical location in southeast asia, the kingdom became a hub for overland trade, turned wealthy economically and culturally.[13] after a period of internal conflict, lan xang broke off into three separate kingdoms—luang phrabang, vientiane, and champasak. in 1893, the three territories came under french protectorate and were united to form what is now known as laos. it briefly gained independence in 1945 after japanese occupation, but was recolonised by france until it won autonomy in 1949. laos became independent in 1953, with a constitutional monarchy under sisavang vong. a post-independence civil war began, which saw the communist resistance, supported by the soviet union, fight against the monarchy that later came under influence of military regimes supported by the united states. after the vietnam war ended in 1975, the communist pathet lao movement came to power, ending the civil war. laos was then dependent on military and economic aid from the soviet union until its dissolution in 1991.

    in 2018, the country had the fourth highest gdp (ppp) per capita in southeast asia, after singapore, malaysia, and thailand[14] and country ranked 139th on the human development index (hdi), indicating medium development.[15] laos is a member of the asia-pacific trade agreement, asean, east asia summit, and la francophonie. laos applied for membership of the world trade organization in 1997; on 2 february 2013, it was granted full membership.[16] it is a one-party socialist republic, espousing marxism–leninism governed by the lao people's revolutionary party.

    in laos, the politically and culturally dominant lao people make up about 55% of the population, mostly in the lowlands. mon-khmer groups, the hmong, and other indigenous hill tribes live in the foothills and mountains. laos's strategies for development are based on generating electricity from rivers and selling the power to its neighbours, namely thailand, china, and vietnam, as well as its initiative to become a "land-linked" nation, shown by the construction of four new railways connecting laos and neighbours.[17][18] laos has been referred to as one of southeast asia and pacific's fastest growing economies by the world bank with annual gdp growth averaging 7.7% since 2009.[19][20]

  • etymology
  • history
  • geography
  • government and politics
  • economy
  • demographics
  • culture
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Lao People's Democratic Republic

  • ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ  (Lao)
  • Saþalanalat Paxaþipatai Paxaxōn Lao (Romanisation)
  • République démocratique populaire lao  (French)
Motto: "ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ເອກະພາບ ວັດທະນະຖາວອນ"
"Santiphab ekalad pasaþipatai ekaphāb vadþa na þauaōn" (Lao romanisation)
"Paix, indépendance, démocratie, unité et prospérité"
(English: "Peace, independence, democracy, unity and prosperity")
Anthem: "Pheng Xat Lao"
(English: "Lao National Anthem")
Laos orthographic map.png
Location Laos ASEAN.svg
Location of Laos (green)

in ASEAN (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Vientiane
17°58′N 102°36′E / 17°58′N 102°36′E / 17.967; 102.600
Official languagesLao
Recognised languagesFrench[1]
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
(2005[2])
Religion
Buddhism 64.7%
Tai folk religion 31.4%
Christianity 1.7%
Islam 0.8%
Other 1.3%
Demonym(s)Lao
Laotian
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
Bounnhang Vorachith
Phankham Viphavanh
Thongloun Sisoulith
Pany Yathotou
LegislatureNational Assembly
Formation
1353–1707
• Kingdoms of Luang Phrabang, Vientiane & Champasak
1707-1778
• Vassals of Siam
1778–1893
1893–1953
11 May 1947
22 October 1953
2 December 1975
14 August 1991
Area
• Total
237,955 km2 (91,875 sq mi) (82nd)
• Water (%)
2
Population
• Estimate
7,061,507[3][4] (103rd)
• 2015 census
7,096,376 6,492,228[5]
• Density
26.7/km2 (69.2/sq mi) (151st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$58.329 billion[6]
• Per capita
$8,458[6]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$20.153 billion[6]
• Per capita
$2,670[6] (131st)
Gini (2012)36.4[7]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.604[8]
medium · 140th
CurrencyKip (₭) (LAK)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+856
ISO 3166 codeLA
Internet TLD.la

Laos (s/ (About this soundlisten),[9] s/;[10][11] Lao: ລາວ, Lāo [láːw]), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, romanizedSaþalanalat Paxaþipatai Paxaxōn Lao; French: République démocratique populaire lao), is a socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia. Located at the heart of the Indochinese peninsula, Laos is bordered by Myanmar and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southeast and Thailand to the west and southwest.[12]

Present Laos traces historic and cultural identity to Lan Xang, which existed from the 14th century to 18th century as one of the largest kingdoms in Southeast Asia.[13] Due to its central geographical location in Southeast Asia, the kingdom became a hub for overland trade, turned wealthy economically and culturally.[13] After a period of internal conflict, Lan Xang broke off into three separate kingdoms—Luang Phrabang, Vientiane, and Champasak. In 1893, the three territories came under French protectorate and were united to form what is now known as Laos. It briefly gained independence in 1945 after Japanese occupation, but was recolonised by France until it won autonomy in 1949. Laos became independent in 1953, with a constitutional monarchy under Sisavang Vong. A post-independence civil war began, which saw the communist resistance, supported by the Soviet Union, fight against the monarchy that later came under influence of military regimes supported by the United States. After the Vietnam War ended in 1975, the communist Pathet Lao movement came to power, ending the civil war. Laos was then dependent on military and economic aid from the Soviet Union until its dissolution in 1991.

In 2018, the country had the fourth highest GDP (PPP) per capita in Southeast Asia, after Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand[14] and country ranked 139th on the Human Development Index (HDI), indicating medium development.[15] Laos is a member of the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement, ASEAN, East Asia Summit, and La Francophonie. Laos applied for membership of the World Trade Organization in 1997; on 2 February 2013, it was granted full membership.[16] It is a one-party socialist republic, espousing Marxism–Leninism governed by the Lao People's Revolutionary Party.

In Laos, the politically and culturally dominant Lao people make up about 55% of the population, mostly in the lowlands. Mon-Khmer groups, the Hmong, and other indigenous hill tribes live in the foothills and mountains. Laos's strategies for development are based on generating electricity from rivers and selling the power to its neighbours, namely Thailand, China, and Vietnam, as well as its initiative to become a "land-linked" nation, shown by the construction of four new railways connecting Laos and neighbours.[17][18] Laos has been referred to as one of Southeast Asia and Pacific's Fastest Growing Economies by the World Bank with annual GDP growth averaging 7.7% since 2009.[19][20]