Labour Party (UK)

  • labour party
    leaderjeremy corbyn (outgoing)
    deputy leadervacant
    general secretaryjennie formby
    chairmanian lavery
    lords leaderbaroness smith
    founded27 february 1900; 120 years ago (1900-02-27)[1][2]
    headquarterssouthside 105 victoria street, london sw1e 6qt[3]
    youth wingyoung labour
    lgbt winglgbt+ labour
    membership (2020)increase 580,000[4]
    ideologysocial democracy[5]
    democratic socialism[6]
    political positioncentre-left
    european affiliationparty of european socialists
    international affiliationprogressive alliance
    socialist international (observer)
    affiliate partiesco-operative party (labour co-op)
    social democratic and labour party
    colours     red
    anthem"the red flag"
    governing bodynational executive committee
    constituting instrumentlabour party constitution (clause iv)
    devolved or semi-autonomous brancheslondon labour
    labour in northern ireland
    scottish labour
    welsh labour
    parliamentary partiesplp
    labour lords
    house of commons[a]
    202 / 650
    house of lords
    178 / 788
    london assembly
    12 / 25
    scottish parliament
    23 / 129
    welsh assembly
    29 / 60
    local government[7]
    6,238 / 19,787
    directly elected mayors
    16 / 25
    labour.org.uk edit this at wikidata
    • politics of the united kingdom
    • political parties
    • elections

    the labour party is a centre-left political party in the united kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists.[8] in all general elections since 1922, labour has been either the governing party or the official opposition.

    the labour party was founded in 1900, having grown out of the trade union movement and socialist parties of the 19th century. it overtook the liberal party to become the main opposition to the conservative party in the early 1920s, forming two minority governments under ramsay macdonald in the 1920s and early 1930s. labour served in the wartime coalition of 1940–1945, after which clement attlee's labour government established the national health service and expanded the welfare state from 1945 to 1951. under harold wilson and james callaghan, labour again governed from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1979. in the 1990s, tony blair took labour to the centre as part of his "new labour" project, which governed the uk under blair and then gordon brown from 1997 to 2010.

    the labour party currently forms the official opposition in the parliament of the united kingdom, having won the second-largest number of seats in the 2017 and 2019 general elections. labour is currently the largest party in the welsh assembly, being the main party in the current welsh government. the party is the third-largest in the scottish parliament.

    labour is a member of the party of european socialists and progressive alliance, and holds observer status in socialist international. the party includes semi-autonomous scottish and welsh branches, and supports the social democratic and labour party in northern ireland, although it still organises there. as of january 2020, labour has 580,000 registered members, the largest membership of any party in europe.[4]

  • history
  • ideology
  • constitution and structure
  • electoral performance
  • leadership
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • bibliography
  • further reading
  • external links

Labour Party
LeaderJeremy Corbyn (outgoing)
Deputy Leadervacant
General SecretaryJennie Formby
ChairmanIan Lavery
Lords LeaderBaroness Smith
Founded27 February 1900; 120 years ago (1900-02-27)[1][2]
HeadquartersSouthside 105 Victoria Street, London SW1E 6QT[3]
Youth wingYoung Labour
LGBT wingLGBT+ Labour
Membership (2020)Increase 580,000[4]
IdeologySocial democracy[5]
Democratic socialism[6]
Political positionCentre-left
European affiliationParty of European Socialists
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Socialist International (observer)
Affiliate partiesCo-operative Party (Labour Co-op)
Social Democratic and Labour Party
Colours     Red
Anthem"The Red Flag"
Governing bodyNational Executive Committee
Constituting instrumentLabour Party Constitution (Clause IV)
Devolved or semi-autonomous branchesLondon Labour
Labour in Northern Ireland
Scottish Labour
Welsh Labour
Parliamentary partiesPLP
Labour Lords
House of Commons[a]
202 / 650
House of Lords
178 / 788
London Assembly
12 / 25
Scottish Parliament
23 / 129
Welsh Assembly
29 / 60
Local government[7]
6,238 / 19,787
Directly elected mayors
16 / 25
labour.org.uk Edit this at Wikidata

The Labour Party is a centre-left political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists.[8] In all general elections since 1922, Labour has been either the governing party or the Official Opposition.

The Labour Party was founded in 1900, having grown out of the trade union movement and socialist parties of the 19th century. It overtook the Liberal Party to become the main opposition to the Conservative Party in the early 1920s, forming two minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in the 1920s and early 1930s. Labour served in the wartime coalition of 1940–1945, after which Clement Attlee's Labour government established the National Health Service and expanded the welfare state from 1945 to 1951. Under Harold Wilson and James Callaghan, Labour again governed from 1964 to 1970 and 1974 to 1979. In the 1990s, Tony Blair took Labour to the centre as part of his "New Labour" project, which governed the UK under Blair and then Gordon Brown from 1997 to 2010.

The Labour Party currently forms the Official Opposition in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, having won the second-largest number of seats in the 2017 and 2019 general elections. Labour is currently the largest party in the Welsh Assembly, being the main party in the current Welsh government. The party is the third-largest in the Scottish Parliament.

Labour is a member of the Party of European Socialists and Progressive Alliance, and holds observer status in Socialist International. The party includes semi-autonomous Scottish and Welsh branches, and supports the Social Democratic and Labour Party in Northern Ireland, although it still organises there. As of January 2020, Labour has 580,000 registered members, the largest membership of any party in Europe.[4]