worldwide laws regarding same-sex intercourse and state of expression and association
| same-sex intercourse illegal|
| death penalty|| |
| death penalty de jure but not applied|
| life imprisonment|| |
| limited imprisonment|
| prison de jure but not enforced1||-|
| same-sex intercourse legal|
| marriage2|| |
| marriage recognized but not performed3|
| civil unions|| |
| limited domestic recognition (cohabitation)|
| limited foreign recognition (residency)|| |
| optional certification|
| same-sex unions not recognized|| |
| laws restricting freedom of expression and association|
rings indicate areas where local judges have granted or denied marriages or imposed the death penalty in a jurisdiction where that is not otherwise the law or areas with a case-by-case application. 1no arrests in the past three years or moratorium on law.2for some jurisdictions the law may not yet be in effect. 3jurisdictions in this category may perform other types of partnerships.
lgbt rights at the united nations
| neither|| states which did not support either declaration|
| non-member states|| states that are not voting members of the united nations|
| oppose|| states which supported an opposing declaration in 2008 and continued their opposition in 2011|
| subsequent member|| south sudan, which was not a member of the united nations in 2008|
| support|| states which supported the lgbt rights declaration in the general assembly or on the human rights council in 2008 or 2011|
rights affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (lgbt) people vary greatly by country or jurisdiction – encompassing everything from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage to the death penalty for homosexuality.
notably, as of 2019same-sex marriage, they are: argentina, australia, austria, belgium, brazil, canada, colombia, denmark, ecuador, finland, france, germany, greenland, iceland, ireland, luxembourg, malta, mexico, the netherlands, new zealand, norway, portugal, south africa, spain, sweden, taiwan, the united kingdom, the united states and uruguay. by contrast, 6 countries effectively impose the death penalty on consensual same-sex sexual acts, with three in asia (iran, saudi arabia and yemen) and three in africa (nigeria (the northern states), sudan and somalia (jubaland region)). in addition, the death penalty is a possible punishment in 6 other countries: afghanistan, brunei, mauritania, pakistan, qatar and the united arab emirates. iraq has been removed from this list following the elimination of the islamic state (isil/isis), it remains as a "de facto" criminalising country due to reports of state prosecution using laws on public indecency, prostitution or others.
, 28 countries recognize
in 2011, the united nations human rights council passed its first resolution recognizing lgbt rights, following which the office of the united nations high commissioner for human rights issued a report documenting violations of the rights of lgbt people, including hate crimes, criminalization of homosexual activity, and discrimination. following the issuance of the report, the united nations urged all countries which had not yet done so to enact laws protecting basic lgbt rights.