Kritarchy

  • kritarchy, also called kritocracy, was the system of rule by biblical judges (hebrew: שופטים, shoftim) in the tribal confederacy of ancient israel during the period of time described in the book of judges, following joshua's conquest of canaan and prior to the united monarchy under saul.[1][2]

    because the name is a compound of the greek words κριτής, krites ("judge") and ἄρχω, árkhō ("to rule"), its colloquial use has expanded to cover rule by judges in the modern sense as well. to contrast such a rule by (modern) judges with the actual form of the 1996 constitution of the republic of south africa, judge albie sachs coined the term dikastocracy for it, from δικαστής ("judge"), rejecting the coinage "juristocracy" for being an admixture of latin and greek.[3]

  • definitions
  • historic examples
  • in popular culture
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Kritarchy, also called kritocracy, was the system of rule by Biblical judges (Hebrew: שופטים, shoftim) in the tribal confederacy of ancient Israel during the period of time described in the Book of Judges, following Joshua's conquest of Canaan and prior to the united monarchy under Saul.[1][2]

Because the name is a compound of the Greek words κριτής, krites ("judge") and ἄρχω, árkhō ("to rule"), its colloquial use has expanded to cover rule by judges in the modern sense as well. To contrast such a rule by (modern) judges with the actual form of the 1996 Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, judge Albie Sachs coined the term dikastocracy for it, from δικαστής ("judge"), rejecting the coinage "juristocracy" for being an admixture of Latin and Greek.[3]