Help:IPA/Serbo-Croatian

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Serbo-Croatian (the Bosnian, Croatian, Montenegrin and Serbian standards thereof) pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-sh}}, {{IPA-sr}}, {{IPA-hr}}, and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Examples below in the Latin script are given in the Ijekavian pronunciation, while Cyrillic ones are in the Ekavian pronunciation. See Serbo-Croatian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of these languages.

Consonants
IPAExampleNearest English equivalent
LatinCyrillic
bbobбобbob
ddanданdoom
[1]đakђакjeez
[1][2]epџeпlike George, but retroflex
ffilmфилмfilm
ɡgoreгореgore
jjaјаyaw
kkolaколаscore
lLukaЛукаfill
biciklбициклlittle
ʎbiljeбиљеmillion
mmoreмореmore
nneнеno
njutnњутнnewton
ŋ[3]bankaбанкаbank
ɲkonjкоњcanyon
ppetпетspace
rrobotроботrobot, but trilled
vrbaврбаUS verb, but trilled
sstolстолstole
ʃ[4]šumaшумаshell
ttataтатаstar
[1]ćupћупcheese
tsšorcшорцshorts
[1][5]čekićчекићlike church, but retroflex
ʋ[6]vodaводаvan
xhirхирhere
zzimaзимаzoo
ʒ[7]žabaжабаfusion
Vowels
IPAExampleNearest English equivalent
(long vowels with falling tone)
LatinCyrillic
aradрадfather
eletлетlet
ilistлистleast
omoreмореmore
utrupтрупtool
Tone and vowel length
Tonic marks are not normally written but are found in dictionaries.[8]
IPAExampleExplanation
LatinCyrillic
esezónaсезо́наnon-tonic short vowel
ùzētiу̀зе̄тиnon-tonic long vowel[9]
ědjècaдѐцаshort vowel with rising tone
ěːkrédaкре́даlong vowel with rising tone
êsjȅmeсȅмеshort vowel with falling tone
êːrȇpрȇпlong vowel with falling tone

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Many speakers in Croatia and some in Bosnia have no distinction between /tɕ/ and /tʃ/ (⟨ć⟩ and ⟨č⟩) or between /dʑ/ and /dʒ/ (⟨đ⟩ and ⟨dž⟩) and are both pronounced [tʃ] and [dʒ] respectively.
  2. ^ Sometimes transcribed as [ɖ͡ʐ].
  3. ^ Allophone of /n/ before velar consonants.
  4. ^ Sometimes transcribed as [ʂ].
  5. ^ Sometimes transcribed as [ʈ͡ʂ].
  6. ^ ⟨v⟩ is a light fricative, more precisely transcribed [ʋ̝] or [v̞]. However, it does not behave as a fricative in that it does not devoice to *[f] before a voiceless consonant and it does not cause preceding voiceless consonants to become voiced.
  7. ^ Sometimes transcribed as [ʐ].
  8. ^ Tone marks can also be found on syllabic consonants, such as [ř̩] and [r̩̂ː]. Some articles may use the stress mark, [ˈe], which could correspond to either of the tonic accents (rising or falling) and so they are not a complete transcription, although many speakers in Croatia have no tone distinctions.
  9. ^ Many speakers in Croatia and Serbia pronounce most unstressed long vowels as short.