Hanover

  • hanover

    hannover
    neues rathaus hannover abends.jpg
    hanovermarktkirche.jpg
    telemaxhannover.jpg
    kröpcke uhr hannover.jpg
    dschungelpalast.jpg
    inselgraben eilenriede.jpg
    from top: new town hall of hanover
    market church, telemax, kröpcke-clock, an asian elephant at the hanover zoo and the eilenriede forest
    flag of hanover
    flag
    coat of arms of hanover
    coat of arms
    location of hanover within hannover district
    hannover in h.svg
    about this image
    hanover is located in germany
    hanover
    hanover
    hanover is located in lower saxony
    hanover
    hanover
    coordinates: 52°22′n 9°43′e / 52°22′n 9°43′e / 52.367; 9.717
    countrygermany
    statelower saxony
    districthannover
    subdivisions13 districts
    government
     • lord mayorbelit onay (greens)
     • governing partiesspd / greens [1]
    area
     • city204.01 km2 (78.77 sq mi)
    elevation
    55 m (180 ft)
    population
     (2018-12-31)[2]
     • city538,068
     • density2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
     • metro
    1,119,032
    time zonecet/cest (utc+1/+2)
    postal codes
    30001 - 30669
    dialling codes0511
    www.hannover.de

    hanover or hannover (v-/; german: hannover [haˈnoːfɐ] (about this soundlisten); low german: hannober) is the capital and largest city of the german state of lower saxony. its 535,061 (2017) inhabitants make it the thirteenth-largest city in germany as well as the third-largest city in northern germany after hamburg and bremen. the city lies at the confluence of the river leine (progression: allerwesernorth sea) and its tributary ihme, in the south of the north german plain, and is the largest city in the hannover–braunschweig–göttingen–wolfsburg metropolitan region. it is the fifth-largest city in the low german dialect area after hamburg, dortmund, essen and bremen.

    before it became the capital of lower saxony in 1946 hanover was the capital of the principality of calenberg (1636–1692), the electorate of hanover (1692–1814), the kingdom of hanover (1814–1866), the province of hanover of the kingdom of prussia (1868–1918), the province of hanover of the free state of prussia (1918–1946) and of the state of hanover (1946). from 1714 to 1837 hanover was by personal union the family seat of the hanoverian kings of the united kingdom of great britain and ireland, under their title of the dukes of brunswick-lüneburg (later described as the elector of hanover).

    the city is a major crossing point of railway lines and motorways (autobahnen), connecting european main lines in both the east-west (berlinruhr area/düsseldorf/cologne) and north-south (hamburgfrankfurt/stuttgart/munich) directions. hannover airport lies north of the city, in langenhagen, and is germany's ninth-busiest airport. the city's most notable institutes of higher education are the hannover medical school with its university hospital (klinikum der medizinischen hochschule hannover) and the leibniz university hannover.

    the hanover fairground, owing to numerous extensions, especially for the expo 2000, is the largest in the world. hanover hosts annual commercial trade fairs such as the hanover fair and up to 2018 the cebit. the iaa commercial vehicles show takes place every two years. it is the world's leading trade show for transport, logistics and mobility. every year hanover hosts the schützenfest hannover, the world's largest marksmen's festival, and the oktoberfest hannover.

    'hanover' is the traditional english spelling. the german spelling (with a double n) is becoming more popular in english; recent editions of encyclopedias prefer the german spelling,[3][4] and the local government uses the german spelling on english websites.[5] the english pronunciation, with stress on the first syllable, is applied to both the german and english spellings, which is different from german pronunciation, with stress on the second syllable and a long second vowel. the traditional english spelling is still used in historical contexts, especially when referring to the british house of hanover.

  • history
  • geography
  • main sights
  • society and culture
  • transport
  • economy
  • business development
  • education
  • people and residents of hanover
  • international relations
  • see also
  • references
  • bibliography
  • external links

Hanover

Hannover
Neues Rathaus Hannover abends.jpg
HanoverMarktkirche.JPG
TelemaxHannover.jpg
Kröpcke Uhr Hannover.jpg
Dschungelpalast.jpg
Inselgraben Eilenriede.jpg
From top: New Town Hall of Hanover
Market Church, Telemax, Kröpcke-Clock, an Asian elephant at the Hanover Zoo and the Eilenriede forest
Flag of Hanover
Flag
Coat of arms of Hanover
Coat of arms
Location of Hanover within Hannover district
Hanover (district)Lower SaxonyWedemarkBurgwedelNeustadt am RübenbergeBurgdorfUetzeLehrteIsernhagenLangenhagenGarbsenWunstorfSeelzeBarsinghausenSehndeHanoverGehrdenLaatzenWennigsenRonnenbergHemmingenPattensenSpringeHamelin-PyrmontSchaumburgNienburg (district)HeidekreisCelle (district)Peine (district)Gifhorn (district)Hildesheim (district)Hannover in H.svg
About this image
Hanover is located in Germany
Hanover
Hanover
Hanover is located in Lower Saxony
Hanover
Hanover
Coordinates: 52°22′N 9°43′E / 52°22′N 9°43′E / 52.367; 9.717
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictHannover
Subdivisions13 districts
Government
 • Lord MayorBelit Onay (Greens)
 • Governing partiesSPD / Greens [1]
Area
 • City204.01 km2 (78.77 sq mi)
Elevation
55 m (180 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • City538,068
 • Density2,600/km2 (6,800/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,119,032
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
30001 - 30669
Dialling codes0511
www.hannover.de

Hanover or Hannover (v-/; German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ] (About this soundlisten); Low German: Hannober) is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony. Its 535,061 (2017) inhabitants make it the thirteenth-largest city in Germany as well as the third-largest city in Northern Germany after Hamburg and Bremen. The city lies at the confluence of the River Leine (progression: AllerWeserNorth Sea) and its tributary Ihme, in the south of the North German Plain, and is the largest city in the Hannover–Braunschweig–Göttingen–Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region. It is the fifth-largest city in the Low German dialect area after Hamburg, Dortmund, Essen and Bremen.

Before it became the capital of Lower Saxony in 1946 Hanover was the capital of the Principality of Calenberg (1636–1692), the Electorate of Hanover (1692–1814), the Kingdom of Hanover (1814–1866), the Province of Hanover of the Kingdom of Prussia (1868–1918), the Province of Hanover of the Free State of Prussia (1918–1946) and of the State of Hanover (1946). From 1714 to 1837 Hanover was by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title of the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).

The city is a major crossing point of railway lines and motorways (Autobahnen), connecting European main lines in both the east-west (BerlinRuhr area/Düsseldorf/Cologne) and north-south (HamburgFrankfurt/Stuttgart/Munich) directions. Hannover Airport lies north of the city, in Langenhagen, and is Germany's ninth-busiest airport. The city's most notable institutes of higher education are the Hannover Medical School with its university hospital (Klinikum der Medizinischen Hochschule Hannover) and the Leibniz University Hannover.

The Hanover fairground, owing to numerous extensions, especially for the Expo 2000, is the largest in the world. Hanover hosts annual commercial trade fairs such as the Hanover Fair and up to 2018 the CeBIT. The IAA Commercial Vehicles show takes place every two years. It is the world's leading trade show for transport, logistics and mobility. Every year Hanover hosts the Schützenfest Hannover, the world's largest marksmen's festival, and the Oktoberfest Hannover.

'Hanover' is the traditional English spelling. The German spelling (with a double n) is becoming more popular in English; recent editions of encyclopedias prefer the German spelling,[3][4] and the local government uses the German spelling on English websites.[5] The English pronunciation, with stress on the first syllable, is applied to both the German and English spellings, which is different from German pronunciation, with stress on the second syllable and a long second vowel. The traditional English spelling is still used in historical contexts, especially when referring to the British House of Hanover.