guglielmo giovanni maria marconi
25 april 1874
palazzo marescalchi, bologna
|died||20 july 1937 (aged 63)|
|alma mater||university of bologna|
- matteucci medal (1901)
- nobel prize for physics (1909)
- albert medal (1914)
- franklin medal (1918)
- ieee medal of honor (1920)
- john fritz medal (1923)
|academic advisors||augusto righi|
guglielmo giovanni maria marconi, 1st marquis of marconi frsa (italian: [ɡuʎˈʎɛlmo marˈkoːni]; 25 april 1874 – 20 july 1937) was an italian inventor and electrical engineer, known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission, development of marconi's law, and a radio telegraph system. he is credited as the inventor of radio, and he shared the 1909 nobel prize in physics with karl ferdinand braun "in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy".
marconi was also an entrepreneur, businessman, and founder of the wireless telegraph & signal company in the united kingdom in 1897 (which became the marconi company). he succeeded in making an engineering and commercial success of radio by innovating and building on the work of previous experimenters and physicists. in 1929, marconi was ennobled as a marchese (marquis) by king victor emmanuel iii of italy, and, in 1931, he set up the vatican radio for pope pius xi.