geography of italy
|continent||europe (the small islands of lampedusa and lampione are included in the african plate)|
|coordinates||42°00′n 12°05′e / 42°00′n 12°05′e / 42.000; 12.083|
| • total||301,339 km2 (116,348 sq mi)|
| • land||97.61%|
| • water||2.39%|
|coastline||7,600 km (4,700 mi)|
|borders||total land borders |
|highest point||mont blanc |
|lowest point||jolanda di savoia |
|longest river||po |
|largest lake||garda |
370 km2 (140 sq mi)
|exclusive economic zone||541,915 km2 (209,235 sq mi)|
köppen climate classification
types of italy
italy is located in southern europe and comprises the long, boot-shaped italian peninsula, the southern side of alps, the large plain of the po valley and some islands including sicily and sardinia. corsica, although belonging to the italian geographical region, has been a part of france since 1769. italy is part of the northern hemisphere.
its total area is 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi), of which 294,140 km2 (113,570 sq mi) is land and 7,200 km2 is water (2,780 sq mi). it lies between latitudes 35° and 48° n, and longitudes 6° and 19° e.
italy borders switzerland (698 km or 434 mi), france (476 km or 296 mi), austria (404 km or 251 mi) and slovenia (218 km or 135 mi). san marino (37 km or 23 mi) and vatican city (3.4 km or 2.1 mi) are enclaves. the total border length is 1,836.4 km (1,141.1 mi).
including islands, italy has a coastline of 7,600 km (4,700 mi) on the adriatic sea, ionian sea, tyrrhenian sea, ligurian sea, sea of sardinia and strait of sicily.