Federated States of Micronesia

  • federated states of micronesia

    flag of the federated states of micronesia
    flag
    seal of the federated states of micronesia
    seal
    motto: "peace, unity, liberty"
    anthem: "patriots of micronesia"
    location of the federated states of micronesia
    capitalpalikir
    6°55′n 158°11′e / 6°55′n 158°11′e / 6.917; 158.183
    largest townweno[1]
    official languageenglish
    recognized regional
    languages
    • chuukese
    • kosraean
    • pohnpeian
    • yapese
    ethnic groups
    (2000)
    • 48.8% chuukese
    • 24.2% pohnpeian
    • 6.2% kosraean
    • 5.2% yapese
    • 4.5% outer yapese
    • 1.8% asian
    • 1.5% polynesian
    • 6.4% other
    • 1.4% unknown
    demonym(s)micronesian
    governmentfederal parliamentary republic under a non-partisan democracy
    • president
    david panuelo
    • vice president
    yosiwo george
    legislaturecongress
    independence 
    from the united states
    • compact of free association
    november 3, 1986
    area
    • total
    702 km2 (271 sq mi) (177th)
    • water (%)
    negligible
    population
    • 2018 estimate
    112,640[2][3] (192nd)
    • density
    158.1/km2 (409.5/sq mi) (75th)
    gdp (ppp)2019 estimate
    • total
    $367 million
    • per capita
    $3,584[4]
    gdp (nominal)2019 estimate
    • total
    $383 million
    • per capita
    $3,735[4]
    gini (2013)40.1[5]
    medium
    hdi (2018)decrease 0.614[6]
    medium · 135th
    currencyunited states dollar (usd)
    time zoneutc+10 and +11
    • summer (dst)
    not observed
    date formatmm/dd/yyyy
    driving sideright
    calling code+691
    iso 3166 codefm
    internet tld.fm
    1. regional languages used at state and municipal levels.

    the federated states of micronesia (ə/ (about this soundlisten); abbreviated fsm and also known simply as micronesia) is an independent republic associated with the united states. it consists of four states – from west to east, yap, chuuk, pohnpei and kosrae – that are spread across the western pacific ocean. together, the states comprise around 607 islands (a combined land area of approximately 702 km2 or 271 sq mi) that cover a longitudinal distance of almost 2,700 km (1,678 mi) just north of the equator. they lie northeast of new guinea, south of guam and the marianas, west of nauru and the marshall islands, east of palau and the philippines, about 2,900 km (1,802 mi) north of eastern australia, 3,400 km (2,133 mi) southeast of japan, and some 4,000 km (2,485 mi) southwest of the main islands of hawaii.

    while the fsm's total land area is quite small, it occupies more than 2,600,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq mi) of the pacific ocean, giving the country the 14th-largest exclusive economic zone in the world.[7] the sovereign island nation's capital is palikir, located on pohnpei island, while the largest city is weno, located in the chuuk atoll.

    each of its four states is centered on one or more main high islands, and all but kosrae include numerous outlying atolls. the federated states of micronesia is spread across part of the caroline islands in the wider region of micronesia, which consists of thousands of small islands divided among several countries. the term micronesia may refer to the federated states or to the region as a whole.

    the fsm was formerly a part of the trust territory of the pacific islands (ttpi), a united nations trust territory under u.s. administration, but it formed its own constitutional government on may 10, 1979, becoming a sovereign state after independence was attained on november 3, 1986, under a compact of free association with the united states. other neighboring island entities, and also former members of the ttpi, formulated their own constitutional governments and became the republic of the marshall islands (rmi) and the republic of palau (rop). the fsm has a seat in the united nations and has been a member of the pacific community since 1983.

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Federated States of Micronesia

Motto: "Peace, Unity, Liberty"
Location of the Federated States of Micronesia
CapitalPalikir
6°55′N 158°11′E / 6°55′N 158°11′E / 6.917; 158.183
Largest townWeno[1]
Official languageEnglish
Recognized regional
languages
Ethnic groups
(2000)
  • 48.8% Chuukese
  • 24.2% Pohnpeian
  • 6.2% Kosraean
  • 5.2% Yapese
  • 4.5% Outer Yapese
  • 1.8% Asian
  • 1.5% Polynesian
  • 6.4% Other
  • 1.4% Unknown
Demonym(s)Micronesian
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic under a non-partisan democracy
• President
David Panuelo
Yosiwo George
LegislatureCongress
Independence 
from the United States
November 3, 1986
Area
• Total
702 km2 (271 sq mi) (177th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2018 estimate
112,640[2][3] (192nd)
• Density
158.1/km2 (409.5/sq mi) (75th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$367 million
• Per capita
$3,584[4]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$383 million
• Per capita
$3,735[4]
Gini (2013)40.1[5]
medium
HDI (2018)Decrease 0.614[6]
medium · 135th
CurrencyUnited States dollar (USD)
Time zoneUTC+10 and +11
• Summer (DST)
not observed
Date formatMM/DD/YYYY
Driving sideright
Calling code+691
ISO 3166 codeFM
Internet TLD.fm
  1. Regional languages used at state and municipal levels.

The Federated States of Micronesia (ə/ (About this soundlisten); abbreviated FSM and also known simply as Micronesia) is an independent republic associated with the United States. It consists of four states – from west to east, Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae – that are spread across the Western Pacific Ocean. Together, the states comprise around 607 islands (a combined land area of approximately 702 km2 or 271 sq mi) that cover a longitudinal distance of almost 2,700 km (1,678 mi) just north of the equator. They lie northeast of New Guinea, south of Guam and the Marianas, west of Nauru and the Marshall Islands, east of Palau and the Philippines, about 2,900 km (1,802 mi) north of eastern Australia, 3,400 km (2,133 mi) southeast of Japan, and some 4,000 km (2,485 mi) southwest of the main islands of Hawaii.

While the FSM's total land area is quite small, it occupies more than 2,600,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq mi) of the Pacific Ocean, giving the country the 14th-largest exclusive economic zone in the world.[7] The sovereign island nation's capital is Palikir, located on Pohnpei Island, while the largest city is Weno, located in the Chuuk Atoll.

Each of its four states is centered on one or more main high islands, and all but Kosrae include numerous outlying atolls. The Federated States of Micronesia is spread across part of the Caroline Islands in the wider region of Micronesia, which consists of thousands of small islands divided among several countries. The term Micronesia may refer to the Federated States or to the region as a whole.

The FSM was formerly a part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI), a United Nations Trust Territory under U.S. administration, but it formed its own constitutional government on May 10, 1979, becoming a sovereign state after independence was attained on November 3, 1986, under a Compact of Free Association with the United States. Other neighboring island entities, and also former members of the TTPI, formulated their own constitutional governments and became the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) and the Republic of Palau (ROP). The FSM has a seat in the United Nations and has been a member of the Pacific Community since 1983.