The European Democratic Party (EDP) is a centrist European political party in favour of European integration. It was initiated on 16 April 2004 and formally founded on 9 December 2004 in Brussels. François Bayrou of the French Democratic Movement (MoDem) and Francesco Rutelli, former leader of the Democracy is Freedom and Alliance for Italy parties, served as the two co-presidents until 2019. Now, François Bayrou serves as the only president.
The EDP was founded in reaction to the rising influence of Eurosceptic parties within European institutions. It drew pro-European centrist parties from the European People's Party (EPP) group to form a new centrist multinational bloc. Its co-founder François Bayrou described it as a party for people being neither conservative nor socialist."
Since the beginning of the 6th European Parliament of 2004–2009, the EDP has formed a joint European parliamentary group with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party called the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) group. This parliamentary group was dissolved in 2019.
All MEPs of the European Democratic Party currently sit in the Renew Europe group, except for two MEP of the PRO Romania party, who sit in the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats.
The youth wing of the EDP is the Young Democrats for Europe.
Members are national and regional political parties as well as members of the European Parliament, national and regional parliaments.
Former member parties
- Croatia : National Forum (Nacionalni forum), joined EDP in 2014, disbanded in 2015
- Cyprus: European Party
- Czech Republic: Party for the Open Society
- Czech Republic: Way to Change, founding member of EDP, disbanded in 2009
- France: Union of Democrats and Independents joined the ALDE party on 2 December 2016
- Italy: Democracy is Freedom – The Daisy, founding member of EDP, merged into the Democratic Party in 2007, MEPs
Mario Pirillo, Silvia Costa and Vittorio Prodi stayed as individual members until 2014, now member of PES
- Italy: Alliance for Italy, party disbanded by the end of 2016
- Lithuania: Labour Party, left in 2012 to join the ALDE party
- Slovakia: People's Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia, joined EDP in 2009, disbanded in 2014, succeeded by Democratic Slovakia Party
- Slovakia: Democratic Slovakia Party ('Strana Demokratického Slovenska') in 2019
- Ireland Marian Harkin (MEP Independent)