European Atomic Energy Community

  • flag of europe of european atomic energy community europæiske atomenergifællesskab  (danish) europese atoomenergie gemeenschap  (dutch) communauté européenne de l'énergie atomique  (french) europäische atomgemeinschaft  (german) Ευρωπαϊκή Κοινότητα Ατομικής Ενέργειας  (greek) comunità europea dell'energia atomica  (italian) comunidade europeia da energia atómica  (portuguese) comunidad europea de la energía atómica  (spanish) comunitatea europeană a energiei atomice  (romanian)
    flag of europe
    map indicating the members of the european atomic energy community
      member states
      participating associated state
    administrative bodyeuropean commission
    official languages24 languages
    typeinternational organisation
    members27 eu member states
    1 associated state
    establishment1958
    • euratom treaty
    1 january 1958
    • merger treaty
    1 july 1967

    the european atomic energy community (eaec or euratom) is an international organisation established by the euratom treaty on 25 march 1957 with the original purpose of creating a specialist market for nuclear power in europe, by developing nuclear energy and distributing it to its member states while selling the surplus to non-member states. however, over the years its scope has been considerably increased to cover a large variety of areas associated with nuclear power and ionising radiation as diverse as safeguarding of nuclear materials, radiation protection and construction of the international fusion reactor iter. [1]

    it is legally distinct from the european union (eu) although it has the same membership, and is governed by many of the eu's institutions; but it is the only remaining community organisation that is independent of the eu and therefore outside the regulatory control of the european parliament. since 2014, switzerland has also participated in euratom programmes as an associated state.[2]

    the united kingdom ceased to be a member of the organisation on 31 january 2020.[3][4]

  • history
  • eu evolution timeline
  • cooperation
  • withdrawal of the united kingdom
  • achievements
  • presidents of the eaec
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Map indicating the members of the European Atomic Energy Community
  Member states
  Participating associated state
Administrative bodyEuropean Commission
Official languages24 languages
TypeInternational organisation
Members27 EU member states
1 associated state
Establishment1958
1 January 1958
1 July 1967

The European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom) is an international organisation established by the Euratom Treaty on 25 March 1957 with the original purpose of creating a specialist market for nuclear power in Europe, by developing nuclear energy and distributing it to its member states while selling the surplus to non-member states. However, over the years its scope has been considerably increased to cover a large variety of areas associated with nuclear power and ionising radiation as diverse as safeguarding of nuclear materials, radiation protection and construction of the International Fusion Reactor ITER. [1]

It is legally distinct from the European Union (EU) although it has the same membership, and is governed by many of the EU's institutions; but it is the only remaining community organisation that is independent of the EU and therefore outside the regulatory control of the European Parliament. Since 2014, Switzerland has also participated in Euratom programmes as an associated state.[2]

The United Kingdom ceased to be a member of the organisation on 31 January 2020.[3][4]