Edmund Burke

  • the right honourable

    edmund burke
    edmundburke1771.jpg
    painting of edmund burke mp c. 1767, studio of joshua reynolds (1723–1792)
    rector of the university of glasgow
    in office
    1783–1785
    preceded byhenry dundas
    succeeded byrobert graham bontine
    paymaster of the forces
    in office
    16 april 1783 – 8 january 1784
    monarchgeorge iii
    prime ministerthe duke of portland
    william pitt the younger
    preceded byisaac barré
    succeeded bywilliam grenville
    in office
    10 april 1782 – 1 august 1782
    monarchgeorge iii
    prime ministerthe marquess of rockingham
    preceded byrichard rigby
    succeeded byisaac barré
    member of the british parliament
    for malton
    in office
    18 october 1780 – 20 june 1794
    serving with william weddell, thomas gascoigne, george damer
    preceded bysavile finch
    succeeded byrichard burke jr.
    member of the british parliament
    for bristol
    in office
    4 november 1774 – 6 september 1780
    serving with henry cruger
    preceded bymatthew brickdale
    succeeded byhenry lippincott
    member of the british parliament
    for wendover
    in office
    december 1765 – 5 october 1774
    serving with richard chandler-cavendish, robert darling, joseph bullock
    preceded byverney lovett
    succeeded byjohn adams
    personal details
    born(1729-01-12)12 january 1729
    dublin, ireland[1]
    died9 july 1797(1797-07-09) (aged 68)
    beaconsfield, england
    political partywhig (rockinghamite)
    spouse(s)
    jane mary nugent (m. 1757)
    childrenrichard burke jr.
    alma matertrinity college, dublin
    occupationwriter, politician, journalist, philosopher
    signature

    philosophy career
    notable work
    a vindication of natural society

    a philosophical enquiry into the origin of our ideas of the sublime and beautiful

    reflections on the revolution in france

    era18th-/19th-century philosophy
    regionwestern philosophy
    main interests
    social philosophy and political philosophy, aesthetics
    notable ideas
    aesthetic sublime, literary sublime

    edmund burke (k/; 12 january [ns] 1729[2] – 9 july 1797) was an irish[3][4][5] statesman and philosopher. born in dublin, burke served as a member of parliament (mp) between 1766 and 1794 in the house of commons of great britain with the whig party after moving to london in 1750.

    burke was a proponent of underpinning virtues with manners in society and of the importance of religious institutions for the moral stability and good of the state.[6] these views were expressed in his a vindication of natural society. he criticized british treatment of the american colonies, including through its taxation policies. burke also supported the rights of the colonists to resist metropolitan authority, although he opposed the attempt to achieve independence. he is remembered for his support for catholic emancipation, the impeachment of warren hastings from the east india company, and his staunch opposition to the french revolution.

    in his reflections on the revolution in france, burke asserted that the revolution was destroying the fabric of good society and traditional institutions of state and society and condemned the persecution of the catholic church that resulted from it. this led to his becoming the leading figure within the conservative faction of the whig party which he dubbed the old whigs as opposed to the pro-french revolution new whigs led by charles james fox.[7]

    in the 19th century, burke was praised by both conservatives and liberals.[8] subsequently in the 20th century, he became widely regarded as the philosophical founder of modern conservatism.[9][10]

  • early life
  • early writing
  • member of parliament
  • american war of independence
  • paymaster of the forces
  • democracy
  • conservative opposition to the slave trade
  • india and the impeachment of warren hastings
  • french revolution: 1688 versus 1789
  • later life
  • legacy
  • criticism
  • religious thought
  • false quotations
  • timeline
  • bibliography
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • primary sources
  • further reading
  • external links


Edmund Burke
EdmundBurke1771.jpg
Painting of Edmund Burke MP c. 1767, studio of Joshua Reynolds (1723–1792)
Rector of the University of Glasgow
In office
1783–1785
Preceded byHenry Dundas
Succeeded byRobert Graham Bontine
Paymaster of the Forces
In office
16 April 1783 – 8 January 1784
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterThe Duke of Portland
William Pitt the Younger
Preceded byIsaac Barré
Succeeded byWilliam Grenville
In office
10 April 1782 – 1 August 1782
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Rockingham
Preceded byRichard Rigby
Succeeded byIsaac Barré
Member of the British Parliament
for Malton
In office
18 October 1780 – 20 June 1794
Preceded bySavile Finch
Succeeded byRichard Burke Jr.
Member of the British Parliament
for Bristol
In office
4 November 1774 – 6 September 1780
Serving with Henry Cruger
Preceded byMatthew Brickdale
Succeeded byHenry Lippincott
Member of the British Parliament
for Wendover
In office
December 1765 – 5 October 1774
Serving with Richard Chandler-Cavendish, Robert Darling, Joseph Bullock
Preceded byVerney Lovett
Succeeded byJohn Adams
Personal details
Born(1729-01-12)12 January 1729
Dublin, Ireland[1]
Died9 July 1797(1797-07-09) (aged 68)
Beaconsfield, England
Political partyWhig (Rockinghamite)
Spouse(s)
Jane Mary Nugent (m. 1757)
ChildrenRichard Burke Jr.
Alma materTrinity College, Dublin
OccupationWriter, politician, journalist, philosopher
Signature

Philosophy career
Notable work
A Vindication of Natural Society

A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful

Reflections on the Revolution in France

Era18th-/19th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
Main interests
Social philosophy and political philosophy, aesthetics
Notable ideas
Aesthetic sublime, literary sublime

Edmund Burke (k/; 12 January [NS] 1729[2] – 9 July 1797) was an Irish[3][4][5] statesman and philosopher. Born in Dublin, Burke served as a member of parliament (MP) between 1766 and 1794 in the House of Commons of Great Britain with the Whig Party after moving to London in 1750.

Burke was a proponent of underpinning virtues with manners in society and of the importance of religious institutions for the moral stability and good of the state.[6] These views were expressed in his A Vindication of Natural Society. He criticized British treatment of the American colonies, including through its taxation policies. Burke also supported the rights of the colonists to resist metropolitan authority, although he opposed the attempt to achieve independence. He is remembered for his support for Catholic emancipation, the impeachment of Warren Hastings from the East India Company, and his staunch opposition to the French Revolution.

In his Reflections on the Revolution in France, Burke asserted that the revolution was destroying the fabric of good society and traditional institutions of state and society and condemned the persecution of the Catholic Church that resulted from it. This led to his becoming the leading figure within the conservative faction of the Whig Party which he dubbed the Old Whigs as opposed to the pro-French Revolution New Whigs led by Charles James Fox.[7]

In the 19th century, Burke was praised by both conservatives and liberals.[8] Subsequently in the 20th century, he became widely regarded as the philosophical founder of modern conservatism.[9][10]