Easter

  • easter
    resurrection (24).jpg
    icon of the resurrection depicting christ having destroyed the gates of hades and removing adam and eve from the grave. christ is flanked by saints, and satan—depicted as an old man—is bound and chained. (see resurrection of jesus in christian art.)
    typechristian, cultural
    significancecelebrates the resurrection of jesus
    celebrationschurch services, festive family meals, easter egg decoration, and gift-giving
    observancesprayer, all-night vigil, sunrise service
    datedetermined by the computus
    2019 date
    • april 21 (western)
    • april 28 (eastern)
    2020 date
    • april 12[1] (western)
    • april 19[2] (eastern)
    2021 date
    • april 4 (western)
    • may 2 (eastern)
    2022 date
    • april 17 (western)
    • april 24 (eastern)
    related topassover, since it is regarded as the christian fulfillment of passover; septuagesima, sexagesima, quinquagesima, shrove tuesday, ash wednesday, clean monday, lent, great lent, palm sunday, holy week, maundy thursday, good friday, and holy saturday which lead up to easter; and divine mercy sunday, ascension, pentecost, trinity sunday, corpus christi and feast of the sacred heart which follow it.

    easter,[nb 1] also called pascha (greek, latin)[nb 2] or resurrection sunday,[5][6] is a festival and holiday commemorating the resurrection of jesus from the dead, described in the new testament as having occurred on the third day after his burial following his crucifixion by the romans at calvary c. 30 ad.[7][8] it is the culmination of the passion of jesus, preceded by lent (or great lent), a 40-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance.

    most christians refer to the week before easter as "holy week", which contains the days of the easter triduum, including maundy thursday, commemorating the maundy and last supper,[9][10] as well as good friday, commemorating the crucifixion and death of jesus.[11] in western christianity, eastertide, or the easter season, begins on easter sunday and lasts seven weeks, ending with the coming of the 50th day, pentecost sunday. in eastern christianity, the season of pascha begins on pascha and ends with the coming of the 40th day, the feast of the ascension.

    easter and the holidays that are related to it are moveable feasts which do not fall on a fixed date in the gregorian or julian calendars which follow only the cycle of the sun; rather, its date is offset from the date of passover and is therefore calculated based on a lunisolar calendar similar to the hebrew calendar. the first council of nicaea (325) established two rules, independence of the jewish calendar and worldwide uniformity, which were the only rules for easter explicitly laid down by the council. no details for the computation were specified; these were worked out in practice, a process that took centuries and generated a number of controversies. it has come to be the first sunday after the ecclesiastical full moon that occurs on or soonest after 21 march.[12] even if calculated on the basis of the more accurate gregorian calendar, the date of that full moon sometimes differs from that of the astronomical first full moon after the march equinox.[13]

    easter is linked to the jewish passover by much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the calendar. in most european languages the feast is called by the words for passover in those languages; and in the older english versions of the bible the term easter was the term used to translate passover.[14] easter customs vary across the christian world, and include sunrise services, exclaiming the paschal greeting, clipping the church,[15] and decorating easter eggs (symbols of the empty tomb).[16][17][18] the easter lily, a symbol of the resurrection,[19][20] traditionally decorates the chancel area of churches on this day and for the rest of eastertide.[21] additional customs that have become associated with easter and are observed by both christians and some non-christians include egg hunting, the easter bunny, and easter parades.[22][23][24] there are also various traditional easter foods that vary regionally.

  • etymology
  • theological significance
  • early christianity
  • date
  • position in the church year
  • religious observance
  • easter celebrations around the world
  • music
  • see also
  • footnotes
  • references
  • external links

Easter
Resurrection (24).jpg
Icon of the Resurrection depicting Christ having destroyed the gates of Hades and removing Adam and Eve from the grave. Christ is flanked by saints, and Satan—depicted as an old man—is bound and chained. (See Resurrection of Jesus in Christian art.)
TypeChristian, cultural
SignificanceCelebrates the resurrection of Jesus
CelebrationsChurch services, festive family meals, Easter egg decoration, and gift-giving
ObservancesPrayer, all-night vigil, sunrise service
DateDetermined by the Computus
2019 date
  • April 21 (Western)
  • April 28 (Eastern)
2020 date
  • April 12[1] (Western)
  • April 19[2] (Eastern)
2021 date
  • April 4 (Western)
  • May 2 (Eastern)
2022 date
  • April 17 (Western)
  • April 24 (Eastern)
Related toPassover, since it is regarded as the Christian fulfillment of Passover; Septuagesima, Sexagesima, Quinquagesima, Shrove Tuesday, Ash Wednesday, Clean Monday, Lent, Great Lent, Palm Sunday, Holy Week, Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday which lead up to Easter; and Divine Mercy Sunday, Ascension, Pentecost, Trinity Sunday, Corpus Christi and Feast of the Sacred Heart which follow it.

Easter,[nb 1] also called Pascha (Greek, Latin)[nb 2] or Resurrection Sunday,[5][6] is a festival and holiday commemorating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day after his burial following his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary c. 30 AD.[7][8] It is the culmination of the Passion of Jesus, preceded by Lent (or Great Lent), a 40-day period of fasting, prayer, and penance.

Most Christians refer to the week before Easter as "Holy Week", which contains the days of the Easter Triduum, including Maundy Thursday, commemorating the Maundy and Last Supper,[9][10] as well as Good Friday, commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus.[11] In Western Christianity, Eastertide, or the Easter Season, begins on Easter Sunday and lasts seven weeks, ending with the coming of the 50th day, Pentecost Sunday. In Eastern Christianity, the season of Pascha begins on Pascha and ends with the coming of the 40th day, the Feast of the Ascension.

Easter and the holidays that are related to it are moveable feasts which do not fall on a fixed date in the Gregorian or Julian calendars which follow only the cycle of the Sun; rather, its date is offset from the date of Passover and is therefore calculated based on a lunisolar calendar similar to the Hebrew calendar. The First Council of Nicaea (325) established two rules, independence of the Jewish calendar and worldwide uniformity, which were the only rules for Easter explicitly laid down by the council. No details for the computation were specified; these were worked out in practice, a process that took centuries and generated a number of controversies. It has come to be the first Sunday after the ecclesiastical full moon that occurs on or soonest after 21 March.[12] Even if calculated on the basis of the more accurate Gregorian calendar, the date of that full moon sometimes differs from that of the astronomical first full moon after the March equinox.[13]

Easter is linked to the Jewish Passover by much of its symbolism, as well as by its position in the calendar. In most European languages the feast is called by the words for passover in those languages; and in the older English versions of the Bible the term Easter was the term used to translate passover.[14] Easter customs vary across the Christian world, and include sunrise services, exclaiming the Paschal greeting, clipping the church,[15] and decorating Easter eggs (symbols of the empty tomb).[16][17][18] The Easter lily, a symbol of the resurrection,[19][20] traditionally decorates the chancel area of churches on this day and for the rest of Eastertide.[21] Additional customs that have become associated with Easter and are observed by both Christians and some non-Christians include egg hunting, the Easter Bunny, and Easter parades.[22][23][24] There are also various traditional Easter foods that vary regionally.