Diana (mythology)

  • diana
    goddess of the hunt, wild animals, fertility, and the moon[1]
    cametti diana.jpg
    diana as huntress. marble by bernardino cametti, 1720. pedestal by pascal latour, 1754. bode museum, berlin.
    symbolbow and quiver, deer, hunting dogs, crescent moon
    templessanctuary at lake nemi, temple of diana (rome)
    festivalsnemoralia
    personal information
    parentsjupiter and latona
    • early roman: n/a
    • hellenistic: jupiter and latona
    siblings
    • early roman: n/a
    • hellenistic: apollo
    • modern: lucifer
    children
    • early roman: n/a
    • hellenistic: n/a
    • modern: aradia
    greek equivalentartemis, hekate

    diana [a] is a goddess in roman and hellenistic religion, primarily considered a patroness of the countryside, hunters, crossroads, and the moon. she is equated with the greek goddesses artemis and hecate, and absorbed much of artemis' mythology early in roman history, including a birth on the island of delos to parents jupiter and latona, and a twin brother, apollo,[2] though she had an independent origin in italy.

    diana is considered a virgin goddess and protector of childbirth. historically, diana made up a triad with two other roman deities: egeria the water nymph, her servant and assistant midwife; and virbius, the woodland god.[3]

    diana is revered in modern neopagan religions including roman neopaganism, stregheria, and wicca. from the medieval to the modern period, as folklore attached to her developed and was eventually adapted into neopagan religions, the mythology surrounding diana grew to include a consort (lucifer) and daughter (aradia), figures sometimes recognized by modern traditions.[4] in the ancient, medieval, and modern periods, diana has been considered a triple deity, merged with a goddess of the moon (luna/selene) and the underworld (usually hecate).[5][6]

  • etymology
  • description
  • mythology
  • worship in the classical period
  • theology
  • worship in post roman europe
  • modern development and folklore
  • legacy
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • bibliography
  • external links

Diana
Goddess of the hunt, wild animals, fertility, and the Moon[1]
Cametti Diana.jpg
Diana as Huntress. Marble by Bernardino Cametti, 1720. Pedestal by Pascal Latour, 1754. Bode Museum, Berlin.
SymbolBow and quiver, deer, hunting dogs, crescent moon
TemplesSanctuary at Lake Nemi, Temple of Diana (Rome)
FestivalsNemoralia
Personal information
ParentsJupiter and Latona
Siblings
Children
  • Early Roman: N/A
  • Hellenistic: N/A
  • Modern: Aradia
Greek equivalentArtemis, Hekate

Diana [a] is a goddess in Roman and Hellenistic religion, primarily considered a patroness of the countryside, hunters, crossroads, and the Moon. She is equated with the Greek goddesses Artemis and Hecate, and absorbed much of Artemis' mythology early in Roman history, including a birth on the island of Delos to parents Jupiter and Latona, and a twin brother, Apollo,[2] though she had an independent origin in Italy.

Diana is considered a virgin goddess and protector of childbirth. Historically, Diana made up a triad with two other Roman deities: Egeria the water nymph, her servant and assistant midwife; and Virbius, the woodland god.[3]

Diana is revered in modern Neopagan religions including Roman Neopaganism, Stregheria, and Wicca. From the medieval to the modern period, as folklore attached to her developed and was eventually adapted into neopagan religions, the mythology surrounding Diana grew to include a consort (Lucifer) and daughter (Aradia), figures sometimes recognized by modern traditions.[4] In the ancient, medieval, and modern periods, Diana has been considered a triple deity, merged with a goddess of the moon (Luna/Selene) and the underworld (usually Hecate).[5][6]