Confucius

  • confucius
    孔子
    confucius tang dynasty.jpg
    the teaching confucius. portrait by wu daozi, 685–758, tang dynasty.
    born551 bc
    zou, lu, zhou kingdom (present-day nanxinzhen, qufu, shandong, china)
    died479 bc (aged 71–72)
    lu, zhou kingdom
    nationalityzhou
    eraancient philosophy
    regionchinese philosophy
    schoolconfucianism
    main interests
    moral philosophy, social philosophy, ethics
    notable ideas
    confucianism, golden rule
    confucius
    kongzi (chinese characters).svg
    "confucius (kǒngzǐ)" in seal script (top) and regular (bottom) chinese characters
    chinese name
    chinese孔子
    hanyu pinyinkǒngzǐ
    literal meaning"master kǒng"
    kong qiu
    chinese
    hanyu pinyinkǒng qiū
    vietnamese name
    vietnamesekhổng tử
    hán-nôm孔子
    korean name
    hangul공자
    hanja孔子
    japanese name
    kanji孔子
    hiraganaこうし
    ancestral name (姓): zi (chinese: ; pinyin: zǐ)
    clan name (氏): kong (ch: 孔; py: kǒng)
    given name (名): qiu (ch: 丘; py: qiū)
    courtesy name (字): zhongni (ch: 仲尼; py: zhōngní)
    styled: master kong (ch: ; py: kǒngzǐ)

    confucius (s/ few-shəs;[1] 551–479 bc)[2][3] was a chinese philosopher and politician of the spring and autumn period.

    the philosophy of confucius, also known as confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice, kindness, and sincerity. his followers competed successfully with many other schools during the hundred schools of thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the legalists during the qin dynasty. following the victory of han over chu after the collapse of qin, confucius's thoughts received official sanction in the new government and were further developed into a system known in the west as neo-confucianism, and later new confucianism (modern neo-confucianism).

    confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the chinese classic texts including all of the five classics, but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to confucius himself. aphorisms concerning his teachings were compiled in the analects, but only many years after his death.

    confucius's principles have commonality with chinese tradition and belief. he championed strong family loyalty, ancestor veneration, and respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives, recommending family as a basis for ideal government. he espoused the well-known principle "do not do unto others what you do not want done to yourself", the golden rule. he is also a traditional deity in daoism.

    confucius is widely considered as one of the most important and influential individuals in shaping human history. his teaching and philosophy greatly impacted people around the world and remains influential today.[4][5]

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Confucius
孔子
Confucius Tang Dynasty.jpg
The teaching Confucius. Portrait by Wu Daozi, 685–758, Tang dynasty.
Born551 BC
Zou, Lu, Zhou Kingdom (present-day Nanxinzhen, Qufu, Shandong, China)
Died479 BC (aged 71–72)
Lu, Zhou Kingdom
NationalityZhou
EraAncient philosophy
RegionChinese philosophy
SchoolConfucianism
Main interests
Moral philosophy, social philosophy, ethics
Notable ideas
Confucianism, Golden Rule
Confucius
Kongzi (Chinese characters).svg
"Confucius (Kǒngzǐ)" in seal script (top) and regular (bottom) Chinese characters
Chinese name
Chinese孔子
Hanyu PinyinKǒngzǐ
Literal meaning"Master Kǒng"
Kong Qiu
Chinese
Hanyu PinyinKǒng Qiū
Vietnamese name
VietnameseKhổng Tử
Hán-Nôm孔子
Korean name
Hangul공자
Hanja孔子
Japanese name
Kanji孔子
Hiraganaこうし
Ancestral name (姓): Zi (Chinese: ; Pinyin: Zǐ)
Clan name (氏): Kong (Ch: 孔; Py: Kǒng)
Given name (名): Qiu (Ch: 丘; Py: Qiū)
Courtesy name (字): Zhongni (Ch: 仲尼; Py: Zhōngní)
Styled: Master Kong (Ch: ; Py: Kǒngzǐ)

Confucius (s/ FEW-shəs;[1] 551–479 BC)[2][3] was a Chinese philosopher and politician of the Spring and Autumn period.

The philosophy of Confucius, also known as Confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice, kindness, and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius's thoughts received official sanction in the new government and were further developed into a system known in the West as Neo-Confucianism, and later New Confucianism (Modern Neo-Confucianism).

Confucius is traditionally credited with having authored or edited many of the Chinese classic texts including all of the Five Classics, but modern scholars are cautious of attributing specific assertions to Confucius himself. Aphorisms concerning his teachings were compiled in the Analects, but only many years after his death.

Confucius's principles have commonality with Chinese tradition and belief. He championed strong family loyalty, ancestor veneration, and respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives, recommending family as a basis for ideal government. He espoused the well-known principle "Do not do unto others what you do not want done to yourself", the Golden Rule. He is also a traditional deity in Daoism.

Confucius is widely considered as one of the most important and influential individuals in shaping human history. His teaching and philosophy greatly impacted people around the world and remains influential today.[4][5]