cluny abbey in 2004
|dedicated to||saint peter|
|founder(s)||william i, duke of aquitaine|
|location||cluny, saône-et-loire, france|
|coordinates||46°26′03″n 4°39′33″e / 46°26′03″n 4°39′33″e / 46.43417; 4.65917|
cluny abbey (french: [klyni]; formerly also cluni, or clugny) is a former benedictine monastery in cluny, saône-et-loire, france. it was dedicated to st peter.
the abbey was constructed in the romanesque architectural style, with three churches built in succession from the 4th to the early 12th centuries. the earliest basilica was the world's largest church until the st. peter's basilica construction began in rome.
cluny was founded by duke william i of aquitaine in 910. he nominated berno as the first abbot of cluny, subject only to pope sergius iii. the abbey was notable for its stricter adherence to the rule of st. benedict, whereby cluny became acknowledged as the leader of western monasticism. the establishment of the benedictine order was a keystone to the stability of european society that was achieved in the 11th century. in 1790 during the french revolution, the abbey was sacked and mostly destroyed, with only a small part surviving.
starting around 1334, the abbots of cluny maintained a townhouse in paris known as the hôtel de cluny, which has been a public museum since 1843. apart from the name, it no longer possesses anything originally connected with cluny.
coat of arms of cluny abbey: "gules two keys in saltire
the wards upwards and outwards or overall a sword in pale argent".