City-state

  • a city-state is a sovereign microstate that usually consists of a single city and its dependent territories. historically, this included cities such as rome, athens, carthage,[1] and the italian city-states during the renaissance. as of 2020, only a handful of sovereign city-states exist, with some disagreement as to which are city-states. a great deal of consensus exists that the term properly applies currently to monaco, singapore, and vatican city. singapore, in particular, is considered the only truly sovereign city-state in the world as it has the full right and power to govern itself and its citizens, without any interference from outside governments. it also has its own currency, a technologically advanced military and a significant population of 5.6 million.[2]

    a number of other small states share similar characteristics, and therefore are sometimes also cited as modern city-states—namely, qatar,[3][4] brunei,[5] kuwait,[5][3][6] bahrain,[5][3] and malta,[7][8][9][10] which each have an urban center comprising a significant proportion of the population, though all have several distinct settlements and a designated or de facto capital city. occasionally, other small states with high population densities, such as san marino, are also cited,[5][11][12] despite lacking a large urban centre characteristic of traditional city-states.

    several non-sovereign cities enjoy a high degree of autonomy, and are sometimes considered city-states. hong kong and macau, along with independent members of the united arab emirates, most notably dubai and abu dhabi, are often cited as such.[5][11][13]

  • historical background
  • modern city-states
  • non-sovereign city-states
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

A city-state is a sovereign microstate that usually consists of a single city and its dependent territories. Historically, this included cities such as Rome, Athens, Carthage,[1] and the Italian city-states during the Renaissance. As of 2020, only a handful of sovereign city-states exist, with some disagreement as to which are city-states. A great deal of consensus exists that the term properly applies currently to Monaco, Singapore, and Vatican City. Singapore, in particular, is considered the only truly sovereign city-state in the world as it has the full right and power to govern itself and its citizens, without any interference from outside governments. It also has its own currency, a technologically advanced military and a significant population of 5.6 million.[2]

A number of other small states share similar characteristics, and therefore are sometimes also cited as modern city-states—namely, Qatar,[3][4] Brunei,[5] Kuwait,[5][3][6] Bahrain,[5][3] and Malta,[7][8][9][10] which each have an urban center comprising a significant proportion of the population, though all have several distinct settlements and a designated or de facto capital city. Occasionally, other small states with high population densities, such as San Marino, are also cited,[5][11][12] despite lacking a large urban centre characteristic of traditional city-states.

Several non-sovereign cities enjoy a high degree of autonomy, and are sometimes considered city-states. Hong Kong and Macau, along with independent members of the United Arab Emirates, most notably Dubai and Abu Dhabi, are often cited as such.[5][11][13]