|declaration of independence of catalonia|
page 1 of the declaration
|presented||10 october 2017|
|ratified||27 october 2017|
|date effective||not effective|
|repealed||effectively unenforceable under article 155 of spanish constitution|
|signatories||72 of the 135 members of the parliament of catalonia|
|purpose||unilateral declaration of independence of catalonia as a sovereign republic from spain|
the catalan declaration of independence (catalan: declaració d'independència de catalunya; spanish: declaración de independencia de cataluña) was a resolution that was passed by the parliament of catalonia on 27 october 2017, which declared the independence of catalonia from spain and the founding of an independent catalan republic. the declaration did not receive recognition from the international community.
on 10 october, in the aftermath of the 1 october 2017 catalan independence referendum, a document establishing catalonia as an independent republic was signed by the members of catalonia's pro-independence parliamentary majority. the same document was voted for on 27 october by a majority of 70 out of 135 mps in a plenary session. 10 mps voted against the declaration and 53 mps refused to be present during the illegal vote, after the legal counsels of the catalan parliament advised that it could not take place as the law on which it was based had been suspended by the spanish constitutional court.
a few hours later, prime minister mariano rajoy of spain dismissed catalan president carles puigdemont and his cabinet, and called for fresh catalan elections on 21 december 2017. the deputy prime minister of spain soraya sáenz de santamaría was assigned to be the acting president of catalonia until the december elections.