Bromley-by-Bow

Bromley
Bromley by Bow, Arrow Road, E3 - geograph.org.uk - 765231.jpg
Arrow Road, a residential street in Bromley
Bromley is located in Greater London
Bromley
Bromley
Location within Greater London
Population14,480 (2011 Census. Bromley Ward)[1]
TQ375825
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtE3
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°31′29″N 0°01′01″W / 51°31′29″N 0°01′01″W / 51.5246; -0.0170

Bromley, commonly known as Bromley-by-Bow, is a district in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets in East London, located on the western banks of the River Lea, in the Lower Lea Valley in East London.

The area is distinct from Bow, which lies immediately north and east of the formal boundary between the two, which runs along Bow Road, or near the Lea, slightly to the south of the Road. The area has become better known as Bromley-by-Bow due to Bromley tube station being renamed to Bromley-by-Bow in 1967, to prevent confusion with Bromley railway station in the London Borough of Bromley. Over time the station's name has become applied to the district itself. The formal boundaries of the area were set when the area became an parish in 1537 when it split from Stepney. The boundaries of the new parish were based on those of much older pre-existing estates.[2][3]

Bromley has a rich history and historical ties with the Commonwealth of Nations, but many of its most historic buildings have been lost. It is connected to the London Underground and Docklands Light Railway.

Toponymy

In early records the name first appears as Brambele, Brambelegh, or Brembeley and is likely to be derived from the Saxon words Brembel – a bramble, and lege – a field.[4]

Since 1967, the area has become known as Bromley-by-Bow due to Bromley tube station being renamed to Bromley-by-Bow, to prevent confusion with Bromley railway station in the London Borough of Bromley. Over time the station's name has become applied to the area itself.

Bow itself (also part of Stepney until the 18th century) was originally known as Stratforde, becoming Stratford-at-Bow when a medieval bridge was built, in the arched shape of a bow, to distinguish it from Stratford Langthorne on the other side of the River Lea.