Barbados

  • barbados

    flag of barbados
    flag
    coat of arms of barbados
    coat of arms
    motto: "pride and industry"
    anthem: "in plenty and in time of need"
    location of barbados
    capital
    and largest city
    bridgetown
    13°06′n 59°37′w / 13°06′n 59°37′w / 13.100; -59.617
    official languagesenglish
    recognised regional languagesbajan creole
    ethnic groups
    (est. 2010[1])
    • 91% afro-barbadian
    • 4% white barbadian
    • 3.5% multiracial
    • 1% indo-bajans
    • 0.5% other/unspecified
    religion
    • 75.6% christian
    • 20.6% none
    • 2.5% other (incl. hindu and muslim)
    • 1.2% unspecified[1]
    demonym(s)
    • barbadian
    • bajan (colloquial)
    governmentunitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
    • monarch
    elizabeth ii
    • governor-general
    sandra mason
    • prime minister
    mia mottley
    legislatureparliament
    • upper house
    senate
    • lower house
    house of assembly
    independence
    • from the united kingdom
    30 november 1966
    area
    • total
    439 km2 (169 sq mi) (183rd)
    • water (%)
    negligible
    population
    • 2010 census
    277,821[2] (181st)
    • density
    660/km2 (1,709.4/sq mi) (15th)
    gdp (ppp)2019 estimate
    • total
    $5.398 billion
    • per capita
    $18,798[3]
    gdp (nominal)2019 estimate
    • total
    $5.207 billion
    • per capita
    $18,133[3]
    hdi (2018)steady 0.813[4]
    very high · 56th
    currencybarbadian dollar ($) (bbd)
    time zoneutc−4 (ast)
    driving sideleft[5]
    calling code+1-246
    iso 3166 codebb
    internet tld.bb

    barbados (s/ (about this soundlisten) or s/) is an island country in the lesser antilles of the west indies, in the caribbean region of north america. it is 34 kilometres (21 miles) in length and up to 23 km (14 mi) in width, covering an area of 432 km2 (167 sq mi). it is situated in the western area of the north atlantic and 100 km (62 mi) east of the windward islands and the caribbean sea;[6] therein, barbados is east of the windwards, part of the lesser antilles, roughly at 13°n of the equator. it is about 168 km (104 mi) east of both the countries of saint lucia and saint vincent and the grenadines and 180 km (110 mi) south-east of martinique and 400 km (250 mi) north-east of trinidad and tobago. barbados is outside the principal atlantic hurricane belt. its capital and largest city is bridgetown.

    inhabited by kalinago people since the 13th century, and prior to that by other amerindians, barbados was visited by spanish navigators in the late 15th century and claimed for the spanish crown. it first appeared in a spanish map in 1511.[7] the portuguese empire claimed the island between 1532 and 1536, but later abandoned it in 1620; with their only remnants being an introduction of wild boars for a good supply of meat whenever the island was visited, and to replenish their supply of freshwater. an english ship, the olive blossom, arrived in barbados on 14 may 1625; its men took possession of it in the name of king james i. in 1627, the first permanent settlers arrived from england, and it became an english and later british colony.[8] as a wealthy sugar colony, it became an english centre of the african slave trade until that trade was outlawed in 1807, with final emancipation of slaves in barbados occurring over a period of years from 1833.

    on 30 november 1966, barbados became an independent state and commonwealth realm with elizabeth ii as its queen.[9] it has a population of 287,010 people, predominantly of african descent. despite being classified as an atlantic island, barbados is considered to be a part of the caribbean, where it is ranked as a leading tourist destination. of the tourists, 40% come from the uk, with the us and canada making up the next large groups of visitors to the island.[citation needed]

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  • history
  • geography and climate
  • demographics
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  • further reading
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Barbados

Motto: "Pride and Industry"
Location of Barbados
Capital
and largest city
Bridgetown
13°06′N 59°37′W / 13°06′N 59°37′W / 13.100; -59.617
Official languagesEnglish
Recognised regional languagesBajan Creole
Ethnic groups
(est. 2010[1])
Religion
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Sandra Mason
Mia Mottley
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Assembly
Independence
• From the United Kingdom
30 November 1966
Area
• Total
439 km2 (169 sq mi) (183rd)
• Water (%)
Negligible
Population
• 2010 census
277,821[2] (181st)
• Density
660/km2 (1,709.4/sq mi) (15th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$5.398 billion
• Per capita
$18,798[3]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$5.207 billion
• Per capita
$18,133[3]
HDI (2018)Steady 0.813[4]
very high · 56th
CurrencyBarbadian dollar ($) (BBD)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Driving sideleft[5]
Calling code+1-246
ISO 3166 codeBB
Internet TLD.bb

Barbados (s/ (About this soundlisten) or s/) is an island country in the Lesser Antilles of the West Indies, in the Caribbean region of North America. It is 34 kilometres (21 miles) in length and up to 23 km (14 mi) in width, covering an area of 432 km2 (167 sq mi). It is situated in the western area of the North Atlantic and 100 km (62 mi) east of the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea;[6] therein, Barbados is east of the Windwards, part of the Lesser Antilles, roughly at 13°N of the equator. It is about 168 km (104 mi) east of both the countries of Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and 180 km (110 mi) south-east of Martinique and 400 km (250 mi) north-east of Trinidad and Tobago. Barbados is outside the principal Atlantic hurricane belt. Its capital and largest city is Bridgetown.

Inhabited by Kalinago people since the 13th century, and prior to that by other Amerindians, Barbados was visited by Spanish navigators in the late 15th century and claimed for the Spanish Crown. It first appeared in a Spanish map in 1511.[7] The Portuguese Empire claimed the island between 1532 and 1536, but later abandoned it in 1620; with their only remnants being an introduction of wild boars for a good supply of meat whenever the island was visited, and to replenish their supply of freshwater. An English ship, the Olive Blossom, arrived in Barbados on 14 May 1625; its men took possession of it in the name of King James I. In 1627, the first permanent settlers arrived from England, and it became an English and later British colony.[8] As a wealthy sugar colony, it became an English centre of the African slave trade until that trade was outlawed in 1807, with final emancipation of slaves in Barbados occurring over a period of years from 1833.

On 30 November 1966, Barbados became an independent state and Commonwealth realm with Elizabeth II as its queen.[9] It has a population of 287,010 people, predominantly of African descent. Despite being classified as an Atlantic island, Barbados is considered to be a part of the Caribbean, where it is ranked as a leading tourist destination. Of the tourists, 40% come from the UK, with the US and Canada making up the next large groups of visitors to the island.[citation needed]