Autonomous communities of Spain

  • autonomous communities

    spanish: comunidad autónoma[a]
    basque: autonomia erkidegoa[b]
    catalan: comunitat autònoma[c]
    galician: comunidade autónoma[d]
    occitan: comunautat autonòma

    categoryautonomous administrative division
    locationspain
    created byspanish constitution of 1978
    created1979–1983
    number17 (+2 autonomous cities)
    populationsautonomous communities:
    316,798 (la rioja) – 8,414,240 (andalusia)
    autonomous cities:
    86,487 (melilla), 84,777 (ceuta)
    areasautonomous communities:
    94,223 km2 (36,380 sq mi) (castile and león) – 1,927 sq mi (4,990 km2) (balearic islands)
    autonomous cities:
    4.7 sq mi (12 km2) (melilla), 7.1 sq mi (18 km2) (ceuta)
    governmentautonomous government
    subdivisionsprovince
    municipality

    in spain, an autonomous community (spanish: comunidad autónoma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up spain.[1][2][3]

    spain is not a federation, but a decentralized[4][5] unitary state.[1] while sovereignty is vested in the nation as a whole, represented in the central institutions of government, the nation has, in variable degrees, devolved power to the communities, which, in turn, exercise their right to self-government within the limits set forth in the constitution and their autonomous statutes.[1] each community has its own set of devolved powers; typically those communities with a stronger local nationalism have more powers; this type of devolution has been called asymmetrical. some scholars have referred to the resulting system as a federal system in all but name, or a "federation without federalism".[6] there are 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities that are collectively known as "autonomies".[i] the two autonomous cities have the right to become autonomous communities, but neither has yet exercised it. this unique framework of territorial administration is known as the "state of autonomies".[ii]

    the autonomous communities are governed according to the constitution and their own organic laws known as statutes of autonomy,[iii] which define the competences that they assume. since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical in nature,[7] the scope of competences vary for each community, but all have the same parliamentary structure.[1]

  • autonomous communities
  • history
  • constitutional and statutory framework
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
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Autonomous communities

Spanish: comunidad autónoma[a]
Basque: autonomia erkidegoa[b]
Catalan: comunitat autònoma[c]
Galician: comunidade autónoma[d]
Occitan: comunautat autonòma

CategoryAutonomous administrative division
LocationSpain
Created bySpanish Constitution of 1978
Created1979–1983
Number17 (+2 autonomous cities)
PopulationsAutonomous communities:
316,798 (La Rioja) – 8,414,240 (Andalusia)
Autonomous cities:
86,487 (Melilla), 84,777 (Ceuta)
AreasAutonomous communities:
94,223 km2 (36,380 sq mi) (Castile and León) – 1,927 sq mi (4,990 km2) (Balearic Islands)
Autonomous cities:
4.7 sq mi (12 km2) (Melilla), 7.1 sq mi (18 km2) (Ceuta)
GovernmentAutonomous government
SubdivisionsProvince
Municipality

In Spain, an autonomous community (Spanish: comunidad autónoma) is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain.[1][2][3]

Spain is not a federation, but a decentralized[4][5] unitary state.[1] While sovereignty is vested in the nation as a whole, represented in the central institutions of government, the nation has, in variable degrees, devolved power to the communities, which, in turn, exercise their right to self-government within the limits set forth in the constitution and their autonomous statutes.[1] Each community has its own set of devolved powers; typically those communities with a stronger local nationalism have more powers; this type of devolution has been called asymmetrical. Some scholars have referred to the resulting system as a federal system in all but name, or a "federation without federalism".[6] There are 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities that are collectively known as "autonomies".[i] The two autonomous cities have the right to become autonomous communities, but neither has yet exercised it. This unique framework of territorial administration is known as the "State of Autonomies".[ii]

The autonomous communities are governed according to the constitution and their own organic laws known as Statutes of Autonomy,[iii] which define the competences that they assume. Since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical in nature,[7] the scope of competences vary for each community, but all have the same parliamentary structure.[1]