Austro-Prussian War

  • austro-prussian war (seven weeks' war)
    part of the wars of german unification
    an oil painting of a battlefield, with several mounted cavalry in black; an indistinct city burning on the horizon.
    battle of königgrätz, by georg bleibtreu. oil on canvas, 1869
    date14 june – 22 july 1866
    (1 month and 8 days)
    location
    bohemia, germany, italy and adriatic sea
    result

    prussian-led german and italian victory

    • dissolution of the german confederation
    • formation of the north german confederation
    • exclusion of austria from germany
    • formation of austria-hungary
    territorial
    changes
  • prussia annexes hanover, holstein, schleswig, hesse-kassel, nassau, frankfurt and some parts of bavaria and hesse-darmstadt
  • italy completely annexes venetia and part of friuli
  • belligerents

    prussian-led german confederation states

    • kingdom of prussia prussia
      • saxe-lauenburg
    • duchy of brunswick brunswick
    • mecklenburg-schwerin
    • saxe-coburg & gotha
    • saxe-altenburg
    • mecklenburg-strelitz
    • oldenburg
    • anhalt
    • schwarzburg
    • waldeck
    • lippe
    • lübeck
    • bremen
    • hamburg
    kingdom of italy italy

    austrian-led german confederation states

    •  austria
    •  bavaria
    •  saxony
    •  hanover
    •  württemberg
    • hesse hesse-kassel
    •  baden
    • hesse-darmstadt
    • nassau
    • saxe-meiningen
    • reuss-greiz
    • schaumburg-lippe
    • frankfurt
    • liechtenstein liechtenstein
    commanders and leaders
    • kingdom of prussia william i
    • kingdom of prussia otto von bismarck
    • kingdom of prussia helmuth von moltke
    • kingdom of italy victor emmanuel ii
    • kingdom of italy alfonso la marmora
    • kingdom of italy giuseppe garibaldi
    • austrian empire franz joseph i
    • austrian empire albrecht von teschen
    • austrian empire ludwig von benedek
    • kingdom of bavaria ludwig ii
    • kingdom of bavaria prince karl theodor
    • kingdom of saxony crown prince albert
    strength

    637,262[1]

    • kingdom of prussia 437,262
    • kingdom of italy 200,000

    517,123[2]

    • austrian empire 407,223
    • kingdom of bavaria 38,000
    • kingdom of saxony 26,500
    • grand duchy of hesse 20,000
    • kingdom of hanover 18,400
    • kingdom of württemberg 7,000
    • grand duchy of baden 5,000
    • liechtenstein 80
    casualties and losses

    39,990[3]

    132,414[2]

    the austro-prussian war or seven weeks' war (also known as the german civil war, the unification war,[4] the war of 1866, the fraternal war, in germany as the german war, and also by a variety of other names) was a war fought in 1866 between the austrian empire and the kingdom of prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the german confederation. prussia had also allied with the kingdom of italy, linking this conflict to the third independence war of italian unification. the austro-prussian war was part of the wider rivalry between austria and prussia, and resulted in prussian dominance over the german states.

    the major result of the war was a shift in power among the german states away from austrian and towards prussian hegemony, and impetus towards the unification of all of the northern german states in a kleindeutsches reich that excluded the german austria. it saw the abolition of the german confederation and its partial replacement by a north german confederation that excluded austria and the other south german states. the war also resulted in the italian annexation of the austrian province of venetia.

  • outbreak of war
  • causes
  • alliances
  • course of the war
  • aftermath and consequences
  • austrian desire for revenge
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • sources
  • external links

Austro-Prussian War (Seven Weeks' War)
Part of the wars of German unification
An oil painting of a battlefield, with several mounted cavalry in black; an indistinct city burning on the horizon.
Battle of Königgrätz, by Georg Bleibtreu. Oil on canvas, 1869
Date14 June – 22 July 1866
(1 month and 8 days)
Location
Bohemia, Germany, Italy and Adriatic Sea
Result

Prussian-led German and Italian victory

Territorial
changes
  • Prussia annexes Hanover, Holstein, Schleswig, Hesse-Kassel, Nassau, Frankfurt and some parts of Bavaria and Hesse-Darmstadt
  • Italy completely annexes Venetia and part of Friuli
  • Belligerents

    Prussian-led German Confederation states

    Kingdom of Italy Italy

    Austrian-led German Confederation states

    Commanders and leaders
    Strength

    637,262[1]

    • Kingdom of Prussia 437,262
    • Kingdom of Italy 200,000

    517,123[2]

    • Austrian Empire 407,223
    • Kingdom of Bavaria 38,000
    • Kingdom of Saxony 26,500
    • Grand Duchy of Hesse 20,000
    • Kingdom of Hanover 18,400
    • Kingdom of Württemberg 7,000
    • Grand Duchy of Baden 5,000
    • Liechtenstein 80
    Casualties and losses

    39,990[3]

    132,414[2]

    The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War (also known as the German Civil War, the Unification War,[4] the War of 1866, the Fraternal War, in Germany as the German War, and also by a variety of other names) was a war fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation. Prussia had also allied with the Kingdom of Italy, linking this conflict to the Third Independence War of Italian unification. The Austro-Prussian War was part of the wider rivalry between Austria and Prussia, and resulted in Prussian dominance over the German states.

    The major result of the war was a shift in power among the German states away from Austrian and towards Prussian hegemony, and impetus towards the unification of all of the northern German states in a Kleindeutsches Reich that excluded the German Austria. It saw the abolition of the German Confederation and its partial replacement by a North German Confederation that excluded Austria and the other South German states. The war also resulted in the Italian annexation of the Austrian province of Venetia.