Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

  • anglo-egyptian sudan

    السودان اﻹنجليزي المصري
    1899–1956
    flag of anglo-egyptian sudan.svg
    flags of egypt and the united kingdom
    anthem: god save the king/queen
    green: anglo-egyptian sudan light green: ceded to italian libya in 1934 dark grey: egypt and the united kingdom
    green: anglo-egyptian sudan
    light green: ceded to italian libya in 1934
    dark grey: egypt and the united kingdom
    statuscondominium of the united kingdom and kingdom of egypt
    capitalkhartoum
    common languagesenglish and arabic (official)
    nubian, beja, nuer, dinka, fur, shilluk
    religion
    christianity
    sunni islam
    traditional african religions
    historical erabritish imperial
    • established
    19 june 1899
    • self-rule
    22 october 1952
    • independence
    1 january 1956
    area
    1951[1]2,505,800 km2 (967,500 sq mi)
    population
    • 1951[1]
    8,079,800
    currencyegyptian pound/gineih
    preceded by
    succeeded by
    mahdist sudan
    sultanate of darfur
    republic of the sudan
    today part of egypt
     libya
     sudan
     south sudan

    the anglo-egyptian sudan (arabic: السودان الإنجليزي المصريas-sūdān al-inglīzī al-maṣrī) was a condominium of the united kingdom and egypt in the eastern sudan region of northern africa between 1899 and 1956, but in practice the structure of the condominium ensured full british control over the sudan with egypt having local influence[clarification needed] instead. it attained independence as the republic of the sudan, which since 2011 has been split into sudan and south sudan.

    until 1914, egypt itself was nominally part of the ottoman empire. during the 19th century it gradually expanded its control of the sudan as far south as the great lakes region. in 1881 the mahdist revolt broke out in sudan and in 1882 the british invaded egypt. egypt became a de facto protectorate of britain and together british and egyptian forces gradually re-conquered the sudan. in 1899, they formally agreed to establish a joint protectorate: egypt on the basis of its previous claims and britain by right of conquest.

    between 1914 and 1922, the sultanate of egypt, and thus the sudan, were formally a part of the british empire. after egyptian independence in 1922 as the kingdom of egypt, britain gradually assumed more control of the condominium, edging out egypt almost completely by 1924. increasing egyptian dissatisfaction with this arrangement came to a head after the overthrow of the egyptian monarch in 1952. on 1 january 1956, egypt and britain ceded sudan its independence.

  • background
  • anglo-egyptian condominium (1899–1956)
  • see also
  • references

Anglo-Egyptian Sudan

السودان اﻹنجليزي المصري
1899–1956
Flag of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.svg
Flags of Egypt and the United Kingdom
Green: Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Light green: Ceded to Italian Libya in 1934 Dark grey: Egypt and the United Kingdom
Green: Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
Light green: Ceded to Italian Libya in 1934
Dark grey: Egypt and the United Kingdom
StatusCondominium of the United Kingdom and Kingdom of Egypt
CapitalKhartoum
Common languagesEnglish and Arabic (official)
Nubian, Beja, Nuer, Dinka, Fur, Shilluk
Religion
Christianity
Sunni Islam
traditional African religions
Historical eraBritish Imperial
• Established
19 June 1899
• Self-rule
22 October 1952
• Independence
1 January 1956
Area
1951[1]2,505,800 km2 (967,500 sq mi)
Population
• 1951[1]
8,079,800
CurrencyEgyptian pound/gineih
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mahdist Sudan
Sultanate of Darfur
Republic of the Sudan
Today part of Egypt
 Libya
 Sudan
 South Sudan

The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (Arabic: السودان الإنجليزي المصريas-Sūdān al-Inglīzī al-Maṣrī) was a condominium of the United Kingdom and Egypt in the eastern Sudan region of northern Africa between 1899 and 1956, but in practice the structure of the condominium ensured full British control over the Sudan with Egypt having local influence[clarification needed] instead. It attained independence as the Republic of the Sudan, which since 2011 has been split into Sudan and South Sudan.

Until 1914, Egypt itself was nominally part of the Ottoman Empire. During the 19th century it gradually expanded its control of the Sudan as far south as the Great Lakes region. In 1881 the Mahdist revolt broke out in Sudan and in 1882 the British invaded Egypt. Egypt became a de facto protectorate of Britain and together British and Egyptian forces gradually re-conquered the Sudan. In 1899, they formally agreed to establish a joint protectorate: Egypt on the basis of its previous claims and Britain by right of conquest.

Between 1914 and 1922, the Sultanate of Egypt, and thus the Sudan, were formally a part of the British Empire. After Egyptian independence in 1922 as the Kingdom of Egypt, Britain gradually assumed more control of the condominium, edging out Egypt almost completely by 1924. Increasing Egyptian dissatisfaction with this arrangement came to a head after the overthrow of the Egyptian monarch in 1952. On 1 January 1956, Egypt and Britain ceded Sudan its independence.