landskapet Åland (swedish)ahvenanmaan maakunta (finnish)
autonomous region of finland
flag coat of arms
|anthem: "Ålänningens sång" (swedish)|
(english: "song of the Ålander")
location of Åland within finland
|autonomy granted||7 may 1920|
|eu accession||1 january 1995|
and largest city
60°07′n 019°54′e / 60°07′n 019°54′e / 60.117; 19.900
|government||devolved parliamentary autonomous region|
|1,580 km2 (610 sq mi) (unranked)|
|highest elevation||129.1 m (423.6 ft)|
• 2019 estimate
|18.36/km2 (47.6/sq mi)|
|gdp (ppp)||2007 estimate|
• per capita
|currency||euro (€) (eur)|
|time zone||utc+02:00 (eet)|
|calling code||+358 18|
|iso 3166 code|
the Åland islands or Åland (/, also /, swedish: [ˈǒːland], finland swedish: [ˈoːlɑnd]; finnish: ahvenanmaa [ˈɑhʋenɑnˈmɑː]) is an archipelago province at the entrance to the gulf of bothnia in the baltic sea belonging to finland. it is autonomous, demilitarised and is the only monolingually swedish-speaking region in finland. it is the smallest region of finland, constituting 0.51% of its land area and 0.54% of its population.
Åland comprises fasta Åland on which 90% of the population resides and a further 6,500 skerries and islands to its east. fasta Åland is separated from the coast of sweden by 38 kilometres (24 mi) of open water to the west. in the east, the Åland archipelago is contiguous with the finnish archipelago sea. Åland's only land border is located on the uninhabited skerry of märket, which it shares with sweden.
Åland's autonomous status means that those provincial powers normally exercised by representatives of the central finnish government are largely exercised by its own government.