Åland Islands

  • Åland islands

    landskapet Åland  (swedish)
    ahvenanmaan maakunta  (finnish)
    autonomous region of finland
    flag of Åland islands
    flag
    official seal of Åland islands
    coat of arms
    motto(s): 
    "islands of peace"[1]
    anthem: "Ålänningens sång" (swedish)
    (english: "song of the Ålander")
    location of Åland within finland
    location of Åland within finland
    sovereign statefinland
    autonomy granted7 may 1920[2]
    eu accession1 january 1995
    capital
    and largest city
    mariehamn
    60°07′n 019°54′e / 60°07′n 019°54′e / 60.117; 19.900
    official languagesswedish
    demonym(s)
    • Ålandic
    • Ålandish
    • Ålänning
    • Åländare
    • ahvenanmaalainen
    governmentdevolved parliamentary autonomous region
    • governor
    peter lindbäck
    • premier
    veronica thörnroos
    legislaturelagting
    area
    • total
    1,580[3] km2 (610 sq mi) (unranked)
    highest elevation
    129.1 m (423.6 ft)
    population
    • 2019 estimate
    29,884[4]
    • density
    18.36/km2 (47.6/sq mi)
    gdp (ppp)2007 estimate
    • total
    $1.563 billion[5]
    • per capita
    $55,829
    hdi (2017)0.900[6]
    very high
    currencyeuro (€) (eur)
    time zoneutc+02:00 (eet)
     • summer (dst)
    utc+03:00 (eest)
    date formatdd.mm.yyyy
    driving sideright
    calling code+358 18
    iso 3166 code
    • ax
    • fi-01
    internet tld.ax

    the Åland islands or Åland (d/, also us: d/,[7][8][9][10] swedish: [ˈǒːland], finland swedish: [ˈoːlɑnd]; finnish: ahvenanmaa [ˈɑhʋenɑnˈmɑː]) is an archipelago province at the entrance to the gulf of bothnia in the baltic sea belonging to finland. it is autonomous, demilitarised and is the only monolingually swedish-speaking region in finland. it is the smallest region of finland, constituting 0.51% of its land area and 0.54% of its population.

    Åland comprises fasta Åland on which 90% of the population resides[11] and a further 6,500 skerries and islands to its east.[12] fasta Åland is separated from the coast of sweden by 38 kilometres (24 mi) of open water to the west. in the east, the Åland archipelago is contiguous with the finnish archipelago sea. Åland's only land border is located on the uninhabited skerry of märket, which it shares with sweden.[13]

    Åland's autonomous status means that those provincial powers normally exercised by representatives of the central finnish government are largely exercised by its own government.

  • autonomy
  • etymology
  • history
  • politics
  • administration
  • municipalities
  • geography
  • climate
  • economy
  • demographics
  • culture
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Åland Islands

Landskapet Åland  (Swedish)
Ahvenanmaan maakunta  (Finnish)
Motto(s): 
"Islands of Peace"[1]
Anthem: "Ålänningens sång" (Swedish)
(English: "Song of the Ålander")
Location of Åland within Finland
Location of Åland within Finland
Sovereign stateFinland
Autonomy granted7 May 1920[2]
EU accession1 January 1995
Capital
and largest city
Mariehamn
60°07′N 019°54′E / 60°07′N 019°54′E / 60.117; 19.900
Official languagesSwedish
Demonym(s)
  • Ålandic
  • Ålandish
  • Ålänning
  • Åländare
  • Ahvenanmaalainen
GovernmentDevolved parliamentary autonomous region
• Governor
Peter Lindbäck
• Premier
Veronica Thörnroos
LegislatureLagting
Area
• Total
1,580[3] km2 (610 sq mi) (unranked)
Highest elevation
129.1 m (423.6 ft)
Population
• 2019 estimate
29,884[4]
• Density
18.36/km2 (47.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2007 estimate
• Total
$1.563 billion[5]
• Per capita
$55,829
HDI (2017)0.900[6]
very high
CurrencyEuro (€) (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)
UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+358 18
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD.ax

The Åland Islands or Åland (d/, also US: d/,[7][8][9][10] Swedish: [ˈǒːland], Finland Swedish: [ˈoːlɑnd]; Finnish: Ahvenanmaa [ˈɑhʋenɑnˈmɑː]) is an archipelago province at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea belonging to Finland. It is autonomous, demilitarised and is the only monolingually Swedish-speaking region in Finland. It is the smallest region of Finland, constituting 0.51% of its land area and 0.54% of its population.

Åland comprises Fasta Åland on which 90% of the population resides[11] and a further 6,500 skerries and islands to its east.[12] Fasta Åland is separated from the coast of Sweden by 38 kilometres (24 mi) of open water to the west. In the east, the Åland archipelago is contiguous with the Finnish Archipelago Sea. Åland's only land border is located on the uninhabited skerry of Märket, which it shares with Sweden.[13]

Åland's autonomous status means that those provincial powers normally exercised by representatives of the central Finnish government are largely exercised by its own government.